Cranach - The Holy Kinship
The Holy Kinship
Lucas Cranach the Elder
The Paintings Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna
17.06.2019 - 02:44
Choose objects with for comparison
Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberAT_AKBILD_GG-542
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/AT_AKBILD_GG-542
FR (1978) No.FR034
Title:
The Holy Kinship[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 75-76, No. 34]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [http://www.akademiegalerie.at/de/Sammlung/Virtuelle%20Galerie/Bildinfo/?image_name=6&active_image=&GALLERY] (accessed 23.08.2017) [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 75-76, No. 34]
Dating:
about 1510 - 1512[http://www.akademiegalerie.at/de/Sammlung/Virtuelle%20Galerie/Bildinfo/?image_name=6&active_image=&GALLERY] (accessed 23.08.2017) [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 75-76, No. 34]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerThe Paintings Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna
RepositoryThe Paintings Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna
LocationVienna
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 89 x 71 cm [http://www.akademiegalerie.at/de/Sammlung/Virtuelle%20Galerie/Bildinfo/?image_name=6&active_image=&GALLERY] (accessed 23.08.2017) Dimensions of support: 80.5 x 70.5 cm [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 75-76, No. 34]
Support:
Painting on wood / lime wood [http://www.akademiegalerie.at/de/Sammlung/Virtuelle%20Galerie/Bildinfo/?image_name=6&active_image=&GALLERY] (accessed 23.08.2017) Lime wood [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 75-76, No. 34]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia at the bottom edge: serpent with elevated wings
Description:
A group depicting Saint Anne with the Virgin and Child occupies the centre of this composition. The inclusion of the Virgin¿s stepsisters Mary Cleophas and Mary Salome with their families identifies the subject as a representation of the Holy Kinship.
Provenance:
- donated by Graf Lamberg 1822
[http://www.akademiegalerie.at/de/Sammlung/Virtuelle%20Galerie/Bildinfo/?image_name=6&active_image=&GALLERY] (accessed 23.08.2017)
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Prague 200552, 53 (English version 24)under no. 4Fig. p. 53
Kotkova 2005 A9 (English version 5)Fig. p. 9 (detail)
Chamonikola 2005 B14 (English version 6)
Grimm 199880
Friedländer, Rosenberg 197975-76No. 34Fig. 34
Schade 1974Fig. 52, 53
Exhib. Cat. Vienna 197294
Steinmann 1968 B
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932No. 33
Rosenberg 1932
Rosenberg 1930
Schenk zu Schweinsberg 1926
Dörnhöffer 1904
Schmidt 1892118
Scheibler 1887296
Schuchardt 1851 C141
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
'Schenk zu Schweinsberg conjectured that the figure of St Alphaeus, standing behind at the left was in fact a self-portrait by Cranach - an assumption that was later confirmed by Rosenberg. [...]'
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 75-76, No. 34]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 1995
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • X-radiography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - The Paintings Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna - The Holy Kinship - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - The Paintings Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna - The Holy Kinship - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - The Paintings Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna - The Holy Kinship - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - The Paintings Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna - The Holy Kinship - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - The Paintings Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna - The Holy Kinship - X-RadiographsLucas Cranach the Elder - The Paintings Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna - The Holy Kinship - X-Radiographs
    • created by: Gemäldegalerie der Akademie der Bildenden Künste Wien
    • Date: 1995
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Lucas Cranach the Elder - The Paintings Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna - The Holy Kinship - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - The Paintings Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna - The Holy Kinship - Infrared Images
    • Underdrawing
    • DESCRIPTION

      Tools/Material:
      - fluid, black medium, brush

      Type/Ductus:
      - freehand underdrawing
      - occasional hatching-strokes
      Function:
      - only partially binding for the final painted version; broader lines delineate the main contours while details and facial features are described with a few thin lines; occasional representatioin of volume with hatching-strokes; possibly some washes
      Deviations:
      - corrections were made to forms during the painting process
      INTERPRETATION

      Attribution:
      - Lucas Cranach the Elder

      [Sandner, Smith-Contini, Heydenreich, cda 2017]
      • photographed by: Gemäldegalerie der Akademie der Bildenden Künste Wien