Cranach - Lothar, the Count of Supplinburg, nephew of Duke Magnus, as Lothar II., King of Germany, died 1137
Lothar, the Count of Supplinburg, nephew of Duke Magnus, as Lothar II., King of Germany, died 1137
Lucas Cranach the Younger
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
23.05.2019 - 02:56
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberAT_KHM_GG4780
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/AT_KHM_GG4780
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
Lothar, the Count of Supplinburg, nephew of Duke Magnus, as Lothar II., King of Germany, died 1137[cda 2014]
Emperor Lothar III. (1075-1137)[Schütz, Exhib. Cat. Vienna 1972, No. 50]
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Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Younger [Kunsthistorisches Museum, revised 2013]
Dating:
1578 - 1580[Kunsthistorisches Museum, revised 2013]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerKunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
RepositoryKunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
LocationVienna
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 13.5 x 10.1 cm [Kunsthistorisches Museum, revised 2003]
Support:
Painting on canvas on wood [Kunsthistorisches Museum, revised 2013]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia at the left edge: winged serpent with dropped wings [Kunsthistorisches Museum, revised 2013]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Original Inscriptions:
'Keiser Lotharius' [Kunsthistorisches Museum, revised 2013]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Verso: see image of the reverse
Description:
The portraits by Cranach the Younger have a uniform blue background and a cast-shadow to one side of the sitter. As such they stand out from the other works in the series. Furthermore all 48 images are painted on canvas and not paper. They were later laminated onto wood and in isolated cases cardboard. The very uniform appearance of the reverse of all the portraits belonging to the series suggests that they were attached to the auxiliary support after entering the Ambras collection. (Kenner 1893, 44) [Alice Hoppe-Harnoncourt, Kunsthistorisches Museum, 2013] [Translation, Smith, cda 2014]
Provenance:
- 1579/80 acquired by Archduke Ferdinand II. of Tirol:
* 1578: in a letter Archduke Ferdinand II. asks Elector August of Saxony for portraits of all the dukes from the Saxon House no greater in size than the piece of paper enclosed in the letter
* 1.12.1578: Elector August requests an estimate from Cranach the Younger for the series of saxonian ducal portrait desired by Archduke Ferdinand II.
* 24.2.1579: Elector August of Saxony gives Cranach an advanced payment of 60 Taler for 44 portraits of dukes, that were commissioned by the Archduke Ferdinand II.
* 7.8.1579: Elector August orders that portraits from the Knauf tower (Knaufturm) in Torgau should be lent to Cranach, possibly to carry out the portraits for Archduke Ferdinand II.
* 13.10.1579: Elector August sends Archduke Ferdinand II. the to date completed portraits.
* July 1580: Archduke Ferdinand sends his thanks for receiving 50 portraits at the castle of Ambras (Schloss Ambras), Tirol.[1]

- 1806, the Ambras Collection is transferred to Vienna

- 1810-1891, Vienna, Unteres Belvedere, Ambras Collection[2]

- 1891, Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Numismatic Collection, upper floor, room XVI, panel D [3]

- since 1909, Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Numismatic Collection, 2. floor, room II [4]


[1][Schade 1974, 451 No. 514, 452 No. 517, No. 519, 452 No. 521]
[Schütz, Exhib. Cat. Vienna 1972, 35-36]
[Kenner 1894, 176]
[Kenner 1893, 44]
[Distel 1884, 302-303]

[2][Primisser 1819]
[Goebel d. J. 1889]
Aquarell auf Papier, 49 x 67 cm, Belvedere, Wien, Inv. Nr. 2805, publiziert in: [Lechner 2011, 125-137]
[Lhotsky 1941-1945, 490-491, 511-514]

[3][Kenner 1892, 91-95]
[Kenner 1893, 61]

[4][Haupt 1991, 45, fig. 33]
[Ladner 1932, 4, 47-49]

[Kunsthistorisches Museum, revised 2013]
[Translation, Smith, cda 2014]
Exhibitions:
Vienna 1972, No. 50
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Metzger 201125
Schütz 2002
Rauch 2002
Schütz 1977
Schade 1974104-105
Exhib. Cat. Vienna 197235-39, 43No. 50Fig. 33
Cat. Vienna 193844-45No. 56Plate G
Ladner 193214, 48No. 56
Kenner 1894147-150, 176-180, 187-188No. 56
Kenner 1893
Kenner 189291, 92No. 56
Waagen 1867330
Cat. Vienna 185533No. 259
Cat. Vienna 1819106-107, 118No. 259
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
In the 1570s Archduke Ferdinand II of Tirol planned to form a collection of portraits ranging from rulers of various European Houses to famous men and wonder-workers. To this end he sent a letter to Elector August of Saxony in 1578 requesting portraits of all the dukes of Saxony the size of the enclosed piece of paper. In 1580 the Archduke expressed his gratitude for 50 portraits delivered to him (see provenance). 48 of these small portraits have been preserved, all signed with the Cranach insignia. Archduke Ferdinand probably received about 950 portraits in this way or that he commissioned himself, each measuring about 13.5 x 10 cm (see last mentioned Schütz 2002)
August of Saxony commissioned Lucas Cranach the Younger with the task and paid him accordingly (Schade 1974, 451 No. 514, 452 No. 517 and No. 519, 452 No. 521). The project was not new, Friedrich the Wise already owned a series of portraits displayed in Wittenberg castle and in 1571 Elector August had commissioned a portrait series for the castle of Augustusburg. Cranach the Younger could therefore draw on workshop prototypes, which with regards to the portraits of the earliest Saxon dukes were probably based on older models. (Schütz, Exhib. Cat. Vienna 1972, 36-38)
The portraits by Cranach the Younger have a uniform blue background and a cast-shadow to one side of the sitter. As such they stand out from the other works in the series. Furthermore all 48 images are painted on canvas and not paper. They were later laminated onto wood and in isolated cases cardboard. The very uniform appearance of the reverse of all the portraits belonging to the series suggests that they were attached to the auxiliary support after entering the Ambras collection. (Kenner 1893, 44)

[Alice Hoppe-Harnoncourt, Kunsthistorisches Museum, 2013]
[Translation, Smith, cda 2014]