Cranach - The penitent St Jerome
The penitent St Jerome
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
23.11.2017 - 00:53
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberAT_KHM_GG6739
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/AT_KHM_GG6739
FR (1978) No.FR004
Title:
The penitent St Jerome[CDA 2011]
St Jerome in the Desert[Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, No. 3]
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Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Kunsthistorisches Museum, revised 2011][Sandner 1998 B, 150]
Dating:
1502[dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerKunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
RepositoryKunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
LocationVienna
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 56 (l.)- 55.9 (r.) cm x 41.4 cm (the support has ben thinned and cradled) Dimensions of the painted surface: correspond with those of the support Dimensions including the frame: 69 x 55 x 5 cm [Kunsthistorisches Museum, revised 2011]
Support:
Painting on lime wood (Tilia sp.) [Klein, Report 2013] [Kunsthistorisches Museum, revised 2011]
Signature / Date:
bottom, centre, dated: '1502' [Kunsthistorisches Museum, revised 2011]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Reverse of the panel/cradle: - on the central vertical member of the cradle, from top to bottom: printed paper label: 'Cranach Ausstellung 1937, Deutsches Museum Berlin, Wien I., Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, Burgring 5, Hl. Hieronymus' (bottom right corner torn), on the top left corner, in red paint: '1(?)8' - beneath this: Inventory stamp: 'GJ 1949' - beneath this: Inventory label: 'Direktion der Gemäldegalerie, Wien I., Burgring Nr. 5, 6739' [Kunsthistorisches Museum, revised 2011]
Description:
Saint Jerome is depicted naked from the waist up, kneeling in front of a crucifix in a woody landscape, with a lion at his feet. In his right hand he holds a stone and with his left he scratches his beard. In the background there are houses and a view of a distant mountainous landscape. [Tüchler, Schütz, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna 2011]
Provenance:
- probably originally from the monastery of Moodsee
- recorded in the Bishop's residence, Linz, Upper Austria
- 1927 acquired from there by the Kunsthistorische Museum, Vienna

[Kunsthistorisches Museum, revised 2011]
Exhibitions:
Munich 1938, 74-75, No. 391, Fig. 6
Vienna 1972, No. 2
Frankfurt 2007, No. 3
Düsseldorf 2017, No 2
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017102No. 2
Wadum 2015196, Fn. 19Fig. 5
Bonnet, Görres 201520-214p. 21
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 201452-5310p. 53
Exhib. Cat. Brussels 2010104
Kunz 201082
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007118-1193p. 119
Heydenreich 2007 B35
Stadlober 2006164-175
Rosenauer, Fillitz 2003405, 477, 481No. 246Plate p. 131
Heiser 2002passim
Bierende 200216Fig. 9
Heydenreich 1998 A182, 194, 195, 197Fig. 21.16
Sandner 1998 B85, 150-15217.1Figs. 17.1, 17.1a-d
Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 1998150, 154, 15817.1Pl. p. 150, Figs 17.1.a-d
Reiter 199442, Fn. 20
Dülberg 1990164-165, 298No. 344Fig. 340
Friedmann 1980115-118, 277Fig. 93
Friedländer, Rosenberg 197966No. 4Fig. 4
Schade 197415, 17, Fn. 59Plate 8
Koepplin 1973 A39, Fn. 98
Benesch 1972 C347-348
Perger 196674
Grote 1965166, Fn. 19
Bernhard, Rogner 196552, 138 (No. 4)Fig. 60
Cat. Vienna 1963No. 104
Ruhmer 19637, 86Plate 3
Jahn 1953 A28Fig. 17
Cat. Vienna 1938No. 1788
Bucher 193874-75No. 391Fig. 6
Benesch 1938 C13
Baldass 192876
Baldass 1922 B80
Frimmel 1917104-105
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 08.04.2013
  • Scientific analysis
  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
  • Support
  • Identification of wood species: lime wood (Tilia sp.)
    • analysed by: Peter Klein
    • Date: 17.10.2008
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • X-radiography
    • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna - The penitent St Jerome - X-Radiographs
      • created by: Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
      • Date: 08.02.2008
      • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
      • Infrared reflectography
      • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna - The penitent St Jerome - Infrared Images
      • Underdrawing
      • Description
        Tools /Materials:
        - pointed brush and possibly quill (in the head and parts of St Jerome’s body); a fluid black drawing medium
        Type/Ductus:
        - sketchy line drawing
        - lines of varying widths were executed freehand
        - curved and straight thin lines as well as broader angular lines; occasional hatching strokes
        Function:
        - binding for the figure of St Jerome and the crucified Christ, elsewhere rough indication for the final painted version; the curved and straight thin lines describe details in the figure of St Jerome and Christ and define forms in the landscape; the broader angular lines delineate contours and define form; occasional hatching strokes represent volume
        Deviations:
        - the painted version exhibits only minor alterations in the landscape to clearly define form
        Interpretation
        Attribution:
        - Lucas Cranach the Elder
        [cda, 2012]
        • photographed by: Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna