Cranach - Christ on the Cross
Christ on the Cross
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau
25.02.2020 - 21:42
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CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_AGGD_16
Persistent Link
FR (1978) No.FR377C
Christ on the Cross[CDA 2011]
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, 32] [Exhib. Cat. Weimar, Wittenberg 1953, 45, No. 71]
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1983, 364f., Fig. 326, No. E 58][1] [Exhib. Cat. Weimar 1972, 173, 79, No. 68a][1] [Hosäus 1883, 47, No. 1503][1] [Parthey 1864, Bd. I, 683][1] [1] [Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, 32]
Lucas Cranach the Younger [Exhib. Cat. Chemniz 2005, 348, 349][2] [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1978, 144, No. 377C][1] [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932, 85, No. 302][1] [Schuchardt 1851 A, Bd. II, 152f., No. 455][1] [1] [Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, 32] [2] [Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau, 2011]
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about 1537 - 1538[Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, 32]
after 1537[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 149] [Exhib. Cat. Weimar 1972, 173, 79, No. 68a]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerAnhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau
RepositoryAnhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau
Dimensions of support: 121.5 x 83.8 x 1.3 cm Dimensions including frame: 136 x 99.3 x 7.1 cm (+ 1.1cm) [Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, revised 2011]
Painting on beech wood [Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, 32]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia bottom left of the centre in front of the kneeling figure: winged serpent [CDA 2011]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Reverse of the panel: - in the top left quarter of the cradle: paper label 'Gemäldegalerie Dessau / Werkstatt-Tagebuch Nr. [stamp-printed] 491 [handwritten with a feather in brown-black]' - top in the centre: paper label with a handwritten inscription in blue ink 'Cranach, Lukas, 16 kreuzigung Christi / Jst 1503 Staat 6 GV394' Reverse of the frame: - top left: paper label 'Gemäldegalerie Dessau / Werkstatt-Tagebuch Nr. [stamp-printed] 491 [handwritten with a feather in brown-black] - bottom right: paper label 'Staatliche Galerie Dessau / Gesamtverzeichnis / Nr. [printed] 394 [handwritten in pencil] - beside this: paper label, not legible, ending with the no. '2053 (?)' [Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, revised 2011]
The panel depicts a scene on Calvary with many figures. Christ and the two thieves occupy an area covered by dark clouds in the upper third of the panel. The crosses of the thieves project diagonally into the pictorial space. A group with the three Marys and St John can be seen to the left of Christ and on the right-hand side the henchmen gamble for the robe of the crucified. Underneath the cross we see a group of men on horseback and soldiers, among them the converted centurion, who looks up at Christ and points upwards. The central third of the painting shows a forest of lances and pikes against the backdrop of the sky. [Görres, cda 2015]
- old ducal Inv. No. 1503, Joachim-Ernst-Stiftung
[Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, revised 2011]

- origin unknown
- since 1851 recorded in the Gotisches Haus in Wörlitz (Ministry Cabinet)

[Klingen, Cat. Dessau 1996, 32]
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Wörlitz 2015120-121
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005348, 349Fig. 157
Cat. Dessau 199632, 34No. 16Plate 8
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1983364f.No. E 58Fig. 326
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979146No. 377C
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 1972 B79, 173No. 68a
Friedländer, Rosenberg 193285302
Cat. Dessau 192917No. 16
Cat. Dessau 192715No. 16
Hartmann 191386No. 1503
Hosäus 188347No. 1503
Parthey 1863-1864683 (Bd. 1)
Schuchardt 1851 C152-153455
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.04.2010
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Anhaltische Gemälde-Galerie, Dessau - Christ on the Cross - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing

    - dry medium (dark chalk ?) and fine brush?

    - delicate, fine lines

    - binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and generally describe the essential features within forms; no representation of volume

    - minor alterations in the painted version to clearly define form


    - Lucas Cranach the Younger ?

    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner