Cranach - The Virgin and Child with a Bunch of Grapes
The Virgin and Child with a Bunch of Grapes
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Alte Pinakothek, Munich
23.10.2019 - 17:51
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_BStGS_1023
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_BStGS_1023
FR (1978) No.FR163
Title:
The Virgin and Child with a Bunch of Grapes[CDA 2010]
The Virgin with a bunch of grapes in front of a curtain[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 103, No.163]
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Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2010][Sandner 1998 B, 143]
Dating:
about 1525[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 136, No. 1023] [Sandner 1998 B, 89] [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1978, 102, No. 163]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerBayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen
RepositoryAlte Pinakothek, Munich
LocationMunich
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 60.5 x 42.6 cm [Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2010] [Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 136, No. 1023]
Support:
Painting on beech wood (Fagus sylvatica) [Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 136, No. 1023] [Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2010] [Klein, Report 1992]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia on the bottom left: winged serpent with elevated wings [Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2010] [Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 136, No. 1023] [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 103, No. 163]
Description:
The Virgin sits in front of a landscape clothed in a red robe with a blue coat. She holds a bunch of grapes in her right hand. With her left hand she supports the neck of the Child, who stands on her left knee and gives his mother single grapes. Behind them two cherubs hold up a cloth.
Provenance:
- 1824 acquired as a gift from King Max I. Joseph
[Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2010]
[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 136, No. 1023]
Exhibitions:
Kronach 1994, No. 153
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Prague 2016108, 109
Noble 2015293, Fn. 18
Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011136No. 1023
Exhib. Cat. Brussels 2010146-14776
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007246-24763p. 247
Sandner 1998 B89
Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 1998142-143No. 16.2Fig. 16.2
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979103No. 163Fig. 163
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 10.12.2008
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Micro-sampling / cross-sections
  • Instrumental material analysis
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Alte Pinakothek, Munich - The Virgin and Child with a Bunch of Grapes - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Alte Pinakothek, Munich - The Virgin and Child with a Bunch of Grapes - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Alte Pinakothek, Munich - The Virgin and Child with a Bunch of Grapes - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Alte Pinakothek, Munich - The Virgin and Child with a Bunch of Grapes - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Alte Pinakothek, Munich - The Virgin and Child with a Bunch of Grapes - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Alte Pinakothek, Munich - The Virgin and Child with a Bunch of Grapes - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Alte Pinakothek, Munich - The Virgin and Child with a Bunch of Grapes - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Alte Pinakothek, Munich - The Virgin and Child with a Bunch of Grapes - Analysis
  • Light microscopy, SEM / EDX, HPLC
    Cross-section examination:
    Sample No.: PO5/1
    Sample location: 16.6 cm from bottom/0.2 cm from the right
    Brief description of paint: red
    Description:
    1. White ground: SEM/EDX: O, Ca (chalk)
    2. Red layer(s): comment: in the backscattering image three discrete and very thin layers (in UV all dark) can be distinguished in the cross-section that is only 5.5 µm thick. The lower one could be an isolating layer consisting of organic material; SEM/EDX(bottom): O, Ca, Fe, Na, Si, Al, Cl, K, S, Mg, Pb, Cu, [P, Mn]; SEM/EDX (top): O, Fe, Si, Al, Mn, P, Ca, S, [K]; HPLC: the sample was placed in a 20 µl BF³/MeOH [5%] solution and left overnight. An octadecyl column (Type C18: Hyperclone 5 u ODS [C18] 100 x 2.00 mm 5 micron, Phenonemex) was used for the separation method. The phase was a mixture of (a) distilled water with 10% MeOH, (B) MeOH and (C) 2% solution of formic acid in water(60:30:10, isocratic for 2 min). The ratio was changed within 23 mins to 0:90:10, this was maintained for c. 10 mins and within 2 min returned to 60:30:20. The flow rate was 0.175 ml/min. Retention time [Rt=20.0 min] and the UV-Vis-Spectrum of the peaks [Absmax=248, 280, 430) identified alizarin, and purpurin [Rt=24.0 min, Absmax=257, 295, 480, 520 nm) in very small quantities. (red ochre [containing Mn], madder lake [alizarin, Al-, large quantity of P, small amount of S], chalk
    Comment:
    The lake particle appears dark in UV. The percentage of phosphorous is very high; the Al:P ratio was always c. 1.5-2 [in At%). It could therefore be kermes or cochenille. HPLC analysis could not confirm this. The chromatogram did exhibit a peak at Rt =14.63 min – a retention time characteristic for carminic acid – however the concentration is too small to be able to identify it on the corresponding UV/Vis-spectrum. No glass or quartz particles were found.
    • analysed by: Cornelia Tilenschi
    • analysed by: K. Lutzenberger
    • analysed by: H. Stege
    • Date: 01.06.1992
    • Scientific analysis
    • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
    • Support
    • - earliest felling date: 1520; earliest date of production: 1522

      [Martin Schawe, Alte Pinakothek Munich, 26.03.2010]
      • analysed by: Peter Klein