Cranach - The Pharoah's Hosts engulfed in the Red Sea
The Pharoah's Hosts engulfed in the Red Sea
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Staatsgalerie im Schloss Johannisburg, Aschaffenburg
17.09.2019 - 10:24
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_BStGS_4558
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_BStGS_4558
FR (1978) No.FR203
Title:
The Pharoah's Hosts engulfed in the Red Sea[CDA 2010]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2010] [Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 139, No. 4558]
Dating:
1530[dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerBayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen
RepositoryStaatsgalerie im Schloss Johannisburg, Aschaffenburg
LocationAschaffenburg
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 83.2 x 118.8 x 0.5 cm (the original support has been reinforced to a thickness of 1.9 cm) [Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2010]
Support:
Painting on lime wood (probably) [Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2010] [Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 139, No. 4558]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia on the rocks: winged serpent and dated '1530' [Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2010]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Inventory label 1822: 1357 Inventory label 1856: 4558 [Martin Schawe, Alte Pinakothek Munich, 26.03.2010]
Description:
The Pharaoh and his men engulfed in the Red Sea are depicted on the right side of the painting. The Israelites and Moses, who is talking to the angel, are shown to the left in front of a zoomorphic cliff face. [Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2010]
Provenance:
- acquired from Schleißheim palace before 1637
[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 139, No. 4558]
Exhibitions:
Munich 2005
Munich 2011, Cat. No. 13
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Munich 201176-81, 139Nos. 13, 4558Figs. p. 77, 79-81
Prinz von Hohenzollern 200648, 49pp. 46, 57
Koepplin 2003 B77
Heydenreich 1998 A184
Vogelsang 1985112
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979110No. 203Fig. 203
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974637
Cat. Munich 195726
Brion 1956104
Cat. Munich 193656
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932168
Cat. Munich 191334No. 1609
Cat. Augsburg 1905159
Cat. Augsburg 1899159
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.06.2012
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatsgalerie im Schloss Johannisburg, Aschaffenburg - The Pharoah's Hosts engulfed in the Red Sea - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - fluid, black medium and brush

    Type/Ductus:
    - detailed and freehand underdrawing
    - predominantly thin lines

    Function:
    - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; no representation of volume

    Deviations:
    - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - Lucas Cranach the Elder

    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2013]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    • Date: 31.07.2007
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Stereomicroscopy
    • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatsgalerie im Schloss Johannisburg, Aschaffenburg - The Pharoah's Hosts engulfed in the Red Sea - Infrared Images
    • Underdrawing
    • - a distinctive underdrawing with a brush is visible in the infrared reflectogram
      - no striking Pentimenti

      [IRR, Doerner Institut, Lars Raffelt, 2006]
    • Paint Layers and Gilding
    • - the sequence of the paint layers and the material was not examined
      - the painted surface has been partially trimmed at the top and bottom but is complete on either side
    • Support
    • - appears to be lime wood (Tilia sp.)
      - at least six horizontal planks
      - thinned to thickness of 0.5 cm and reinforced
      - the rebate has been preserved on the left and right edge of the painting
      - the panel has been trimmed at the top and bottom
    • Ground and Imprimatura
    • - white
      - no analysis carried out
      - on the left and right side the barbe has been preserved
      - an imprimatur could not be identified
    • Framing
    • - the frame is new
      - the dimension have not been recorded
      • photographed by: Lars Raffelt
      • written by: Martin Schawe
      • written by: Poll-Frommel
      • Date: 2004
      • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
      • Infrared reflectography
      • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatsgalerie im Schloss Johannisburg, Aschaffenburg - The Pharoah's Hosts engulfed in the Red Sea - Infrared Images
      • Underdrawing
      • - a distinctive underdrawing with a brush is visible in the infrared reflectograph
        - no striking Pentimenti
      • Underdrawing
      • DESCRIPTION

        Tools/Materials:
        - fluid, black medium and brush

        Type/Ductus:
        - detailed and freehand underdrawing
        - predominantly thin lines

        Function:
        - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; no representation of volume

        Deviations:
        - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

        INTERPRETATION

        Attribution:
        - Lucas Cranach the Elder
        [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2013]
        • photographed by: Lars Raffelt
        Condition Reports:
        • Date: 17.12.2010
        • - the panel has a distinctive concave warp in the horizontal direction, as much as 1.2 cm at the apex - the paint layers are in good condition - the panel received a new varnish during restoration treatment in 2005 [Martin Schawe, Alte Pinakothek Munich, 26.03.2010]
        • written by: Martin Schawe
        History of Restoration:
        • Date: 2005
        • - comprehensive restoration treatment: varnish removal, replacement of old fills and retouching [Martin Schawe, Alte Pinakothek Munich, 17.12.2010]
          • Date: 1899
          • - old cradle replaced - disturbing overpaint removed - open joins reglued [Martin Schawe, Alte Pinakothek Munich, 17.12.2010]
            • Date: 1862
            • - no written report [Martin Schawe, Alte Pinakothek Munich, 17.12.2010]