Cranach - The Schreiter epitaph [left part]: Allegory of Law and Grace
The Schreiter epitaph [left part]: Allegory of Law and Grace
Antonius Heusler
Erzgebirgsmuseum Annaberg-Buchholz
20.09.2020 - 18:18
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_EMA_EMA004
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_EMA_EMA004
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
The Schreiter epitaph [left part]: Allegory of Law and Grace[cda 2017]
Attribution:
Antonius Heusler [Emmendörffer 1998, 219][Sandner 1993, 243]
Dating:
1556[dated]
about 1552-1561[Emmendörffer 1998, 219][Sandner 1993, 240, 243]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerErzgebirgsmuseum Annaberg-Buchholz
RepositoryErzgebirgsmuseum Annaberg-Buchholz
LocationAnnaberg-Buchholz
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 188 x 160 x 0.9 cm [Mayer, conservation report 2016]
Support:
Painting on wood [Sandner 1993, 243] Alder and Lime wood [Mayer, conservation report 2016]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia under the Cross: grasshopper and dated '1556'
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
- along the bottom edge quotations from the bible
Description:
A tree divides the panel in half. On the left side the tree is bare and the sinner is driven into hell fire by death and the devil, while Moses shows him the Tables of the Law. The Fall of Man is illustrated in the background - the reason for man's damnation. Christ is shown in the sky as judge and the angels call to the Last Judgment. On the right side the tree has leaves. St John the Baptist shows the believer Christ, who died for him on the cross. In the middle-ground the risen Christ appears as victor over death and the devil. The brazen serpent in the background is an Old Testament prefiguration of the crucifixion. At the right edge the Virgin stands on a hill and the infant Christ carrying the cross flies towards her in anticipation of his incarnation. Along the bottom edge are quotations from the bible.
Provenance:
- originally in the crypt of the St.-Trinitatis cemetery in Annaberg (pendant lost)
[Sandner 1993, 243]
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Emmendörffer 1998219-221Fig. 22.15
Sandner 1993243
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.08.2016
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrarot-Reflektografie
  • Antonius Heusler - Erzgebirgsmuseum Annaberg-Buchholz - The Schreiter epitaph [left part]: Allegory of Law and Grace - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION
    Tools/Material:
    - fluid, black medium, brushes of varying widths

    Type/Ductus:
    - relatively detailed, freehand underdrawing
    - thin to broader lines
    - washes in the areas of shadow (particularly in the flesh paint and the robes)

    Function:
    - only roughly binding for the final painted version; the lines define the main contours; volume is indicated with washes

    Deviations:
    - corrections to forms were made during the painting process; numerous changes (e. g. there is one head less in the group next to the tree, the position of the devil beneath Christ’s foot was altered)

    INTERPRETATION
    Attribution:
    - Antonius Heusler
    [Sandner, Heydenreich, Smith-Contini, cda 2017]
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    History of Restoration:
    • Date: 2016
    • - surface cleaning (dry) of both the recto and verso of the panel - reconstruction of the the wooden support at the bottom right - damage caused by the tight fitting frame - reduction of the concave deformation - partial consolidation of the paint layers - removal of varnish layers and overpaint - filling and retouching of losses - new application of varnish - frame members cleaned - toning, retouching and application of a patina to the frame, including the gold strips
    • conservation treatment by: Susanne Mayer