Cranach - Portrait of Martin Luther
Portrait of Martin Luther
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Herzog Anton Ulrich-Museum, Braunschweig
27.05.2020 - 04:19
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_HAUMB_GG23
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_HAUMB_GG23
FR (1978) No.FR314C
Title:
Portrait of Martin Luther[Cat. Braunschweig 1976, 15] [Cat. Braunschweig 1969, 46, No. 23]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Cat. Braunschweig 1976, 15] [Cat. Braunschweig 1969, 46, No. 23]
Dating:
1533[dated]
about 1536[According to the dendrochronological examination the painting was produced no earlier than 1536; Klein 1994, S. 200].
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerHerzog Anton Ulrich-Museum, Braunschweig
RepositoryHerzog Anton Ulrich-Museum, Braunschweig
LocationBraunschweig
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 21 x 14.5 cm [Cat. Braunschweig 1976, 15] [Cat. Braunschweig 1969, 46, No. 23]
Support:
Painting on beech wood [Klein, Report 1994] [Cat. Braunschweig 1969, 46, No. 23]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia above the sitter's left shoulder: winged serpent with elevated wings, facing right and dated '1533' [Görres, cda 2012]
Description:
A portrait of Luther as a half-length figure in three-quarter profile facing right against a blue background. He wears a black cloak and a beret of the same colour. Brown curls emerge from beneath this. The Reformer is shown with a five o'clock shadow, and in his hands he hold a closed book. [Görres, cda 2012]
Provenance:
- entered the collection before 1737

[Cat. Braunschweig 1976, 15]
[Cat. Braunschweig 1969, 46, No. 23]
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005479 Fn. 18under No. 42
Klein 1994 B211, 213
Klein 1994 A200Tab. 10
Jacobi 1986853
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1978314C
Cat. Braunschweig 19761523
Cat. Braunschweig 19694623
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932252G
Cat. Braunschweig 190014
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.03.2013
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Herzog Anton Ulrich-Museum, Braunschweig - Portrait of Martin Luther - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • - an underdrawing is not readily visible
    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2013]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    • Date: 18.02.1994
    • Scientific analysis
    • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
    • Support
    • Identification of wood species: beech wood
      Youngest annual ring: 1535
      • analysed by: Peter Klein