Cranach - The Nativity and the Adoration of the Shepherds
The Nativity and the Adoration of the Shepherds
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Kulturstiftung Dessau Wörlitz, Gotisches Haus (The Gothic House)
18.08.2017 - 10:19
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_KsDW_I-52
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_KsDW_I-52
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
The Nativity and the Adoration of the Shepherds[Melzer, in Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 54]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Kulturstiftung Dessau Wörlitz; http://museum-digital.de/san/index.php?t=objekt&oges=13761; accessed 24 March 2015]
Dating:
about 1520[Melzer, in Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 54]
before 1520[Melzer 2015, 155]
1525 - 1530[Kulturstiftung Dessau Wörlitz; http://museum-digital.de/san/index.php?t=objekt&oges=13761; accessed 24 March 2015]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerKulturstiftung Dessau Wörlitz
RepositoryKulturstiftung Dessau Wörlitz, Gotisches Haus (The Gothic House)
LocationWörlitz
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 49.2 x 75.7 cm [cda 2015]
Support:
Apparently lime wood [cda 2015]
Signature / Date:
None [cda 2015]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Reverse on the support: - at the top left: damaged label: 'Anhaltische Gemäldegalerie // Werkstatt-Tagebuch Nr. 230' - at top, centre in white chalk: '41.' - at bottom, centre: in black paint: '17.' [Görres, cda 2015]
Description:
The painting depicts a stone trough in the foreground, in which the infant Christ lies wrapped in cloth. From the left appear an ox and ass as well as a shepherd dress in a red robe who has removed his hat. At the centre of the image the Virgin kneels in an attitude of prayer, while on the right a further two shepherds kneel and a fourth man joins them. Behind the Virgin a large throng of small angels and angels' heads appear in a cloud. The annunciation to the shepherds is visible in the background. [Kulturstiftung Dessau Wörlitz; http://museum-digital.de/san/index.php?t=objekt&oges=13761; accessed 24 March 2015]
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Wörlitz 2015118-119
Melzer 2015 B15514
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 200554
Hartmann 1913
Rode 1818
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.03.2015
  • Technical Examination
  • Support
  • - the support appears be lime wood and consists of two horizontally aligned planks
    - battens 6 mm in width were added to the top and right edges
    - the reverse of the panel has been preserved in its original state and reveals a bare wood surface without a black coating. It was carefully smoothed at right angles to the direction of the grain with a block plane.
    - on the reverse the rebate has been retained along the left, right and top edges. The panel was trimmed along the bottom edge (the width of the rebate) as well as minimally along the top edge. The original height of the panel (c. 49 cm) can be extrapolated by adding the width of the rebate and removing that of the additional batten.
    [Heydenreich, cda 2015]
    • examined by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • Date: 01.03.2015
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • UV-light photography
    • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Kulturstiftung Dessau Wörlitz, Gotisches Haus (The Gothic House) - The Nativity and the Adoration of the Shepherds - UV Images
      • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
      • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
      • Date: 01.03.2015
      • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
      • Infrared reflectography
      • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Kulturstiftung Dessau Wörlitz, Gotisches Haus (The Gothic House) - The Nativity and the Adoration of the Shepherds - Infrared Images
      • Underdrawing
      • DESCRIPTION

        Tools/Material:
        - fluid black medium, brush

        Type/Ductus:
        - only a few thin lines are visible

        Function:
        - an assessment was not possible as the underdrawing lines are frequently covered by the painted contours


        INTERPRETATION

        Attribution:
        - Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

        [Sandner, Smith-Contini, Heydenreich, cda 2015]
        • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
        • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
        Condition Reports:
        • Date: 01.03.2015
        • The reverse exhibits two grooves for vertical battens [Heydenreich, cda 2015]
        • examined by: Gunnar Heydenreich