Cranach - St Martin (Albrecht of Brandenburg)
St Martin (Albrecht of Brandenburg)
Simon Franck
Stiftsmuseum Aschaffenburg
12.12.2018 - 01:50
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_MSA_169-1955
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_MSA_169-1955
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
St Martin (Albrecht of Brandenburg)[Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, 283, No. 25a]
Attribution:
Simon Franck [Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, No. 25]
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Exhib. Cat. Halle 2006, No. 92a]
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Dating:
1524 (?)[cda 2012]
about 1500 - 1547[Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, 283, No. 25a]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerMuseen der Stadt Aschaffenburg
RepositoryStiftsmuseum Aschaffenburg
LocationAschaffenburg
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 121 x 56.5 cm [Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, 283, No. 25a]
Support:
Painting on lime wood [Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, 283, No. 25a]
Signature / Date:
None
Description:
'St Martin can be readily identified as a portrait of the Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg. [...] the St Martin on the Aschaffenburg panel reveals much about Albrecht's self-image and his self-dramatisation. He is depicted as a bishop in extremely pompous pontifical robes - St Martin was initially an officer, but he later became Bishop of Tours. Albrecht was however not satisfied with the bishop's sumptuous ecclesiastical vestments, which were probably fashioned after his own Episcopal insignia in addition a scarlet cap peeps out from beneath his miter and refers to his dignity as a cardinal. He drops a few coins into the bowl of a beggar, who kneels before him. The pearl embroidery on the pontifical shoes peeping out from under his alba can be clearly seen. In addition to the pearl embroidery there are three coats-of-arms, which have been sewn onto the alba, or undergarment of the bishop. They show a wheel, the coat-of-arms of the archdiocese of Mainz, in the centre the coat-of-arms of the archdiocese of Magdeburg and beside it the coat-of-arms of the diocese of Halberstadt - all three of Albrecht's dioceses.' [Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, 283, 284, 286, No. 25a]
Provenance:
- [the panels] are probably originally from Halle
- in 1800 the panels in the cathedral treasury of Mainz and were auctioned in 1801
- 1954 acquired from a private collection
[Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, 283, No. 25a]
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Merkel 2007
Emmendörffer 1998216, 217Fig. 22.12
Cat. Aschaffenburg 1994107
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
'[...]In addition to the pearl embroidery there are three coats-of-arms, which have been sewn onto the alba, or undergarment of the bishop. They show a wheel, the coat-of-arms of the archdiocese of Mainz, in the centre the coat-of-arms of the archdiocese of Magdeburg and beside it the coat-of-arms of the diocese of Halberstadt – all three of Albrecht’s dioceses. According to heraldic hierarchy the most important coat-of-arms should be in the centre. This would have been the coat-of-arms of the archdiocese of Mainz, which was also the electorate. That here the coat-of-arms of Magdeburg is in the centre indicates, that the painting was commissioned for a location within the archdiocese of Magdeburg, probably Halle.'
[Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, 286, No. 25a]
'[...] The depiction of Martin as a bishop with the beggar is not unusual even though the scene with the beggar took place before Martin’s clerical appointment and he in fact shared his coat with the beggar. A very similar representation can be found on the reverse of one of the wing panels of the Aschaffenburg triptych, a depiction that veritably anticipates this scene.[...]'
[Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, 286, No. 25a]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.06.2012
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Simon Franck - Stiftsmuseum Aschaffenburg - St Martin (Albrecht of Brandenburg) - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - fluid, black medium and brush; initial design executed with diluted medium

    Type/Ductus:
    - detailed and freehand underdrawing
    - predominantly thin lines
    - hatching-strokes

    Function:
    - binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; representation of volume (hatching-strokes)

    Deviations:
    - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - Simon Franck/Master of the Mass of St Gregory?

    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2013]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner