Cranach - Lucretia
Lucretia
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Niedersächsisches Landesmuseum Hannover
25.05.2020 - 15:55
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_NLMH_PAM775
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_NLMH_PAM775
FR (1978) No.FR240C
Title:
Lucretia[CDA 2012]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 118, No. 240C] [Cat. Hannover 1954, 48, No. 59]
Dating:
1535[dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerNiedersächsisches Landesmuseum Hannover
RepositoryNiedersächsisches Landesmuseum Hannover
LocationHannover
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 51.7 x 34.8 cm [Cat. Hannover 1954, 48, No. 59]
Support:
Painting on lime wood [Cat. Hannover 1954, 48, No. 59]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia upper right: winged serpent and date '1535'
Description:
The painting depicts the heroine Lucretia as a nude half-length figure. She has an expression of suffering on her face. Her head is inclined to the left edge of the painting and she gazes into the far distance. She holds a long dagger in her right hand with the tip pointed towards her breast and in her left hand she holds a fur-trimmed cloak. It is wrapped around her waist and conceals her vulva. Her hair is pinned up and covered with a thin transparent veil. Around her neck she is wearing a band and a chain. The background is dark. According to the legend Lucretia lived in the 6th century BC and was the beautiful and virtuous wife of the roman Collatinus. The roman King's son - Sextus Tarquinius fell in love with her. During a stay in her house Sextus threatened to kill her and shame her honour if she did not surrender to him. After the rape Lucretia had her father and husband vow vengeance and then she stabbed herself. The event led to an uprising in which the royal family was overthrown and the Roman Empire became a Republic. Depictions of Lucretia who was seen as the epitomy of female virtue, chastity, fidelity and honour enjoyed great popularity, particularly in the 16th century. [Literature: Bierende 2002, Follak 2002, Livius 1909]
Provenance:
- 1802 Hannover palace (Cat. 1802/3, II, No. 83)
- 1803 in England, 1812 in Windsor Castle
- 1844 in Hannover, palace Georgengarten (Schloss Georgengarten)
- Collection of the 'Landschaftsstraße' (Cat. 1872, No. 444)
- 1893 Fideicommiss-Galerie
- 1925 acquired from the museum
[Cat. Hannover 1954, 48, No. 59]
Exhibitions:
Düsseldorf 2017, No. 175
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017281No. 175
Herrschaft, Heydenreich 2014954
Cat. Hannover 199263-65
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979118No. 240C
Cat. Hannover 195448No. 59
Friedländer, Rosenberg 193266198d
Cat. Hannover 1930No. 26
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
This pictorial type showing Lucretia with the dagger in her lowered, right hand in front of her and her left hand resting in her lap, often with a piece of clothing or with her hand in front of her vulva was frequently repeated in the Cranach workshop as is documented by at least five other paintings of this type.
[Herrschaft, cda 2011]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 2012
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Niedersächsisches Landesmuseum Hannover - Lucretia - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • - an underdrawing is not readily visible; possibly some pen/chalk lines?
    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner