Cranach - The Pflock Altarpiece [central panel]: the Death of the Virgin
The Pflock Altarpiece [central panel]: the Death of the Virgin
Master of the Pflock Altarpiece
St. Annenkirche, Annaberg-Buchholz
15.12.2017 - 10:47
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SAKA_SAKA001a
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_SAKA_SAKA001a
FR (1978) No.FRSup001D
Title:
The Pflock Altarpiece [central panel]: the Death of the Virgin[cda 2015]
Attribution:
Master of the Pflock Altarpiece [Emmendörfer 1998, 219] [Sandner 1993, 242]
Pseudo- Matthias Grünewald 'galt lange Zeit als ein Werk des sog. Pseudo-Grünewald' [Emmendörfer 1998, 219; No. 22.14]
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Dating:
about 1523[Emmendörfer 1998, 219] [Sandner 1993, 242]
about 1520[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 159, No. SUP1D]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerEv.-Luth. Kirchgemeinde Annaberg-Buchholz
RepositorySt. Annenkirche, Annaberg-Buchholz
LocationAnnaberg-Buchholz
Dimensions:
Dimensions of painted surface: 172 x 122 cm Dimensions including frame: 195 x 145.5 x 6 cm [Heydenreich, cda 2015]
Support:
Painting on lime wood [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 159, No. SUP1D]
Signature / Date:
None
Description:
On the central panel St John gives the dying Virgin a lighted candle. The apostles have come running from the four corners of the earth, encircle the deathbed and read prayers for the dead. Above this scene at the top right Christ receives his mother in heaven - a premonition of the ascension of the Virgin and a rare addition for Saxony. [see Sandner 1993, 302]
Provenance:
- after the death of Lorenz Pflock in 1521 the donation of an altarpiece followed, evidently according to his bequest, and its installation was recorded in 1523. This altarpiece is the Pflock family altarpiece, which is still located in its original position.
[Sandner 1993, 306]
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Sandner 1998 B90
Emmendörffer 1998219Fig. 22.14
Sandner 1993242, 302,306Plate 78-81
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979159No. SUP1D
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932353
Flechsig 1900 APl. 71-73
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1899Cat.-No. 139
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
'The master [at work here] was an apprentice in the Cranach workshop, whose individual style appears to be disernable in the Cranach workshop at a relatively early stage, as early as the second decade.
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 159, No. SUP1D]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.03.2015
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Master of the Pflock Altarpiece - St. Annenkirche, Annaberg-Buchholz - The Pflock Altarpiece [central panel]: the Death of the Virgin - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Material:
    - fluid black medium, brush; an initial design was probably executed employing a very dilute medium

    Type/Ductus:
    - very detailed freehand underdrawing
    - thin to broader and frequently very long lines; occasional hatching-strokes

    Function:
    - binding for the final painted version; lines delineate the main contours and define essential details and facial features; representation of volume with hatching-strokes

    Deviations:
    - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define forms; some changes (e. g. the face of the male donor on the left)


    INTERPRETATION

    Zuschreibung:
    - Master of the Pflock Altar

    Comments:
    - probably after a pre-existing design


    [Sandner, Smith-Contini, Heydenreich, cda 2015]
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • Date: 2015
    • Technical Examination
    • Master of the Pflock Altarpiece - St. Annenkirche, Annaberg-Buchholz - The Pflock Altarpiece [central panel]: the Death of the Virgin - OverallMaster of the Pflock Altarpiece - St. Annenkirche, Annaberg-Buchholz - The Pflock Altarpiece [central panel]: the Death of the Virgin - Overall
    • Support
    • - the panel consists of vertically aligned planks
      - the joins are in part cover with an application of tow
    • Framing
    • - original frame
      [Heydenreich, cda 2015]
      • examined by: Gunnar Heydenreich