Cranach - The Presentation of Christ in the Temple
The Presentation of Christ in the Temple
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
22.09.2019 - 03:47
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SKD_GG1935
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_SKD_GG1935
FR (1978) No.FR366A
Title:
The Presentation of Christ in the Temple[CDA 2011]
The sacrifice of Christ, with the Virgin, Simone and HannaInventar Kunstkammer 1741, fol 552 (No. 17) [Sächs, HStADD, Cap. X a, Nr. 36 (Posse Bd. 1)][1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 278, 280]
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Attribution:
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 276] [Schäfer 1860][1] [Schuchardt 1851][1] [1] [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 278]
Lucas Cranach the Elder (and Workshop)[Woermann, Cat. Dresden 1887][1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 278]
Lucas Cranach the Younger [Waagen 1858][1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 278]
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Matthäi, Cat. Dresden 1835, Bd. 1, No. 142][1] [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 278, 280 Fn. 3]
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Dating:
about 1535-1540 [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 276] Kind observation by Prof. Dr. Dieter Koepplin, Basel, written correspondance from 30.07.2005 [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 278, 280 Fn. 4]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStaatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
RepositoryStaatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
LocationDresden
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 84 x 120.5 cm [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 276]
Support:
Painting on beech wood [Klein, Report 2004] Lime wood [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 276]
Signature / Date:
None
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Reverse of the panel: [Gal.-Nr., repeated]; in blue chalk: '- 98' [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 276]
Description:
The Virgin holds the infant Christ, who sits on the altar, while turning to Simeon the old man on the left. He is wearing priest's vestments. Incense is being burned in front of the altarpiece. A number of other people bear witness to the event, among them a young woman behind the Virgin, who is carrying two doves that will be sacrificed for Jesus in the temple. [Görres, cda 2016]
Provenance:
- 20.11.1657 admitted into the Kunstkammer by Elector Johann Georg II
[Sächs. HStADD, Cap X a, Nr. 36 (Posse Bd. 1)][1]

- Kunstkammer inventory from 1700-1714

- Kunstkammer inventory from 1741

- 1956 returned from Russia

[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 278]
[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 280 Fn. 1]
Exhibitions:
Dresden 1937, 17
Chemnitz 2005, No. 13
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Aikema 201025f.
Maaz 201058, 59
Kolb 2005 C531, 541-547, 549, 550, 554, 556, 55713
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005276-28113Pl. p. 277
Schölzel 200519313
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979143No. 366A
Aragon, Cocteau 195726, 142
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 193717
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932293b
Glaser 1923234
Cat. Dresden 1887614
Schäfer 18601044, 1045
Waagen 185838, 39
Schuchardt 1851 C53
Cat. Dresden 1835No. 142
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 25.10.2012
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - The Presentation of Christ in the Temple - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • Results
    Drawing material:
    - presumably dry material

    Technique:
    - the lines of the underdrawing are thin and appear to have been executed in a dry material (chalk), particularly in the female figure on the right and the hands holding the incense burner; the painted version does not adhere strictly to the shapes, which are only roughly indicated as interrelated forms, particularly in the sleeves and apron of the woman holding the child, in the outline of her forehead and the contours of her neck; minor deviations between the underdrawing and the painted version are visible in the faces of the two women on the right and the hands holding the doves [1]
    - further underdrawing: the right leg and left arm of the Christ child
    [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 276]
    [Böhme, Schölzel, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, 2012]
    • photographed by: Christoph Schölzel
    • photographed by: Alexandra Böhme
    • Date: 2005
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • X-radiography
    • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - The Presentation of Christ in the Temple - X-Radiographs
      • created by: Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
      • created by: H. Hänsel
      • Date: 2005
      • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
      • Infrared reflectography
      • Underdrawing
      • The lines of the underdrawing are thin and appear to have been executed in a dry material (chalk), particularly in the female figure on the right and the hands holding the incense burner; the painted version does not adhere strictly to the shapes, which are only roughly indicated as interrelated forms, particularly in the sleeves and apron of the woman holding the child, in the outline of her forehead and the contours of her neck; minor deviations between the underdrawing and the painted version are visible in the faces of the two women on the right and the hands holding the doves.

        [Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 276]
      • Framing
      • New frame: gilded frame in the style of the 18th and 19th century Dresden gallery frames

        [Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 276]
          • Date: 25.02.2004
          • Scientific analysis
          • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
          • Support
          • Identification of wood species: beech wood
            Youngest annual ring: 1530
            [Klein Report, 25.02.2004]
            • analysed by: Peter Klein
            • Date: 2003
            • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
            • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - The Presentation of Christ in the Temple - Reverse
            • Support
            • - lime wood
              - 1 cm thick (thinned)
              - four planks, horizontal grain
              - marks from a smoothing plane

              [Schlegel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 276]
                Condition Reports:
                • Date: 2005
                • Support: - 1 cm thick (thinned) - cradle consisting of six vertical members and eight horizontal ones - white coating applied with a spatula - joins reinforced with wooden blocks - reddish glaze applied over the reverse and the cradle - woodworm damage (open channels) Painted surface: - retouching, particularly along the joins - thin, glossy varnish [Schlegel, Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 276]
                  • Date: 1955
                  • [GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, sowjetischer Gemäldepass][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 276] see also pdf
                    History of Restoration:
                    • Date: 08.08.1996
                    • [GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Restaurierungsprotokoll][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 276] see also pdf
                      • Date: 1898
                      • [Sächs. HStADD, 13458 SKD, GG Nr. 8 Bd. 6, Bl. 134, 136, 140][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 276]
                        • Date: 1877
                        • [Sächs. HStADD, 13458 SKD, GG Nr. 8, Bd. 8 a, Bl. 167, Bd. 8 b, Bl. 82][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 276]