Cranach - Martin Luther
Martin Luther
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha
12.12.2018 - 01:56
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SMG_SG18
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_SMG_SG18
FR (1978) No.FR312-313D
Title:
Martin Luther[cda 2011]
Dr. M. Luther[Verzeichnis 1826, fol. 61, No. 84][1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 50]
D. Lutherus nebst seiner Frauen Catharina'...von Lucas Cranachen, in einem schwarz vergüldeten Rähmgen', [Verzeichnis 1826, fol. 153, No. 5 (and 6)][1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 50]
D. Luther und Seine Frau Catharina von Born[Inventar 1659, fol. 3][1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 50]
Ein Brustbildt auff Holz vnderm nahmen Martini Lutheri[Inventar 1644, fol. 1, No. 36][1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 50]
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Attribution:
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Heydenreich, CDA, 2010] 'Nach Lucas Cranach der Ältere' [Exhibition Cat. Gotha 1994, 50] [Aldenhoven 1890, No. 344][1] [1][Exhibition Cat. Gotha 1994, 50]
Lucas Cranach der Ältere 'Lucas Cranachen' [Inventar 1721, fol. 153, No. 5 (and 6)][1] 'Lucas Sunders' [Verzeichnis 1826, fol. 61, No. 84][1] [Parthey 1863, I, 696, No. 307, No. 308][1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 50]
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Dating:
1529[dated]
1617-1630'wegen des Doppelbildnisses von "Luther und Frau"[...] keinesfalls vor dem 17. Jahrhundert entstanden, vielleicht zu einem Reformationsjubiläum 1617 oder 1630', Akte 3425 I Schloßmuseum, Brief Schenk zu Schweinsberg vom 13.3.1936 an H. Bamman / Düsseldorf' [Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 50]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStiftung Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha
RepositoryStiftung Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha
LocationGotha
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 37.9 x 24.4 cm [Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 50] Dimensions of painted surface: 36.5 x 23.4 cm [cda 2010] Dimensions including frame: 41.9 x 28.5 x 2.4 cm [cda 2010]
Support:
Painting on Beech wood [Klein, Report 2013] [Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 50, 214]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia above the sitter's proper right shoulder: winged serpent with elevated wings, facing right and dated '1529'; in black paint
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Original Inscriptions:
- along the top edge: 'M L/IN SILENCIO ET SPE ERIT FORTITVDO VESTRA'
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Reverse of the panel: - top, centre: printed yellow label: "Schloßmuseum Gotha/Inv. Nr.:/S.G.-Nr.:/Alte Nr:"; with a handwritten entry in black ink: '59', '18', '344 Inv.' - centre: handwritten in white paint: '85' - bottom: handwritten in black pen: 'Zentral-Museum/ Gotha/18/(344)'
Description:
Half-length portrait of the Reformer in three-quarter profile facing right and wearing a black cloak and a black beret. [Görres, cda 2015]
Provenance:
- 1644 in 'Kaufhaus Gotha'
[Inventar 1644, fol 1, No. 36][1]
- recorded in the Gotha art cabinet (Kunstkammer) since 1656
[Inventar 1656, fol. 2, No. 50][1]

[1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 50]
Exhibitions:
Gotha 1994
Gotha 2001, No. 1.14
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 201510232
Schuchardt 2015 B41, 423219
Schuchardt 2004
Exhib. Cat. Gotha 20011.14
Exhib. Cat. Gotha 199450
Schade, Schuttwolf 1994
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979131No. 312-13D
Friedländer, Rosenberg 193274251d
Parthey 1863-1864696 (Bd. 1)No. 307
Böhler, Steinmeyer11
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 08.04.2013
  • Scientific analysis
  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
  • Support
  • 'Beech - measurement not possible'
    [Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 214]
    • analysed by: Peter Klein
    • Date: 01.04.2010
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha - Martin Luther - Infrared Images
    • Underdrawing
    • DESCRIPTION

      Tools/Materials:
      - dry medium (dark chalk ?) or brush application over traced lines (?)

      Type/Ductus:
      - traced delicate, fine lines

      Function:
      - binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential facial features; no representation of volume

      Deviations:
      - no alterations in the painted version

      INTERPRETATION

      Attribution:
      - not possible

      Comments:
      - probably transferred from a pre-existing design (traced)

      [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
      • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
      • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
      • Date: 1994
      • Technical Examination
      • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha - Martin Luther - OverallWorkshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha - Martin Luther - ReverseWorkshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha - Martin Luther - Detail Images
      • Framing
      • - original frame
        - frame with mitred joints; a Gothic cornice; water-guilding on red bole; external batten, sides and the reverse are painted black
        • written by: Gunnar Heydenreich