Cranach - Elector Joachim II. of Brandenburg
Elector Joachim II. of Brandenburg
Lucas Cranach the Younger
Grunewald hunting lodge
28.09.2020 - 22:43
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CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SPSG_GKI1113
Persistent Link
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Elector Joachim II. of Brandenburg[CDA 2012]
Lucas Cranach the Younger [Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 173, I.23]
about 1570[Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 173, I.23]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStiftung Preussische Schlösser und Gärten Berlin-Brandenburg
RepositoryGrunewald hunting lodge
Dimensions of support: 112.2 x 88 cm [Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 173, I.23]
Painting on lime wood (Tilia sp.) [Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 173, I.23]
Signature / Date:
The painting depicts Elector Joachim II of Brandenburg as an almost life-size, half-length figure against a light background. He looks at the viewer. He wears a fur waist-coat over his sumptuous robe and a fur hat decorated with the monogram of Christ on his head. In addition he wears two chains with pendants around his neck, a ring on his finger and holds rosary beads in his left hand.
- 1699 presumably in the Potsdam city palace (Potsdamer Stadtschloss)
- 1793 recorded in the Berlin palace (Berliner Schloss)
[Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 173, I.23]
Berlin 2009/10, Cat. No. I.23
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Tacke 201586, 87Fig. 5
Müller 2015271, 272, Fn. 19, 20Fig. 7
Müller 201068, 69Fig. 12
Martin 201056
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009 A173No. I.23Fig. I.23
Most, Wolf et al. 200991Fig. 5
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005471, 472under No. 41
Börsch-Supan 199222-23
Schade 1974101-102
Börsch-Supan 196449-50No. 53
Rumpf 179470
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
‚At the beginning of the twentieth century the sitter was still thought to be Johann of Küstrin, the brother of Joachim. […]
In this portrait Joachim appears older compared with the Perini portrait [Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 172-173, I.22], which is dated 1562 and therefore a later date is assumed here.
However it is difficult to link the clothing and the jewellery with a date around 1570 as they appear more appropriate for a believer of the old faith. In 1563 Joachim publically announced and celebrated his conversion to the Lutheran Faith, but despite this he is not depicted here in the attire of a protestant duke. The elector exhibits the sumptuous representation style, which the Hollenzoller dynasty developed against the background of their prominent position in the empire. The occasion for this portrait may have been the prospect of an expansion of this region of influence. In 1569 Joachim II obtained common feudal rights for Prussia after many years of negotiation with the polish King, a success which was of extensive political importance. Researchers have identified the strikingly tall fur hat, which is unusual within German costume tradition, as a polish article of clothing. It is therefore plausible that Joachim wished to emphasize the close ties between the Electorate of Brandenburg and the polish King Sigismund II. August.‘
[Elke A. Werner, Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 174, I.23]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.01.2010
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Younger - Grunewald hunting lodge - Elector Joachim II. of Brandenburg - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing



    - dry drawing material, dark chalk


    - economic traced or copied underdrawing

    - delicate, fine lines


    - binding for the final painted version; lines delineate the main contours and describe essential detail and facial features, no representation of volume


    - minor corrections were made to forms during the painting process



    - Lucas Cranach the Younger or workshop


    - probably after a pre-existing design

    [Sandner, Smith-Contini, Heydenreich, cda 2019]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner