Cranach - Reclining Water Nymph
Reclining Water Nymph
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Jagdschloss Grunewald (Grunewald hunting lodge)
12.12.2018 - 01:51
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SPSG_GKI1926
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_SPSG_GKI1926
FR (1978) No.FR119A
Title:
Reclining Water Nymph[CDA 2012]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011] [Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 197-198, No. III.16]
Dating:
about 1515 - 1520[Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStiftung Preussische Schlösser und Gärten Berlin-Brandenburg
RepositoryJagdschloss Grunewald (Grunewald hunting lodge)
LocationGrunewald
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 58.2 x 87.1 cm [Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011]
Support:
Painting on Lime wood (Tilia sp.) [Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011] [Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 197-198, No. III.16]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia at the left edge: winged serpent (with elevated wings)
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
inscription on the upper bowl of the fountain: 'FONTIS NIMPHA SACRI SOMNVM NE RUMPE QVIESCO' (I the nymph of the sacred source rest; do not disturb my sleep (or dream)) [Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 197-198, No. III.16]
Description:
The nymph displays herself to the viewer as a nude figure reclining on a black coat, beneath which a folded cloth serves as a pillow. She lies half on her blond hair with her head supported by her right hand and stares into the distance with a melancholy gaze. Behind her there is a stone fountain on the left and a landscape on the right.
Provenance:
- presumably in the Berliner Schloss (Berlin Palace) since the 16th century
- recorded since 1699 in the Potsdamer Stadtschloss (Potsdam City Palace)
- recorded in the Bildergalerie (picture gallery) of the Berliner Schloss since 1710
[Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 197-198, No. III.16]
Exhibitions:
Berlin 2009/10, Cat.-No. III.16
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Werner 20103629
Hinz 2010 B47
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009 A197-198No. III.16Fig. III.16
Most, Wolf et al. 200991, 93
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007330-331102p. 331
Friedländer, Rosenberg 197994No. 119A
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974423, 635, 636, 661No. 543Fig. 236
Schade 197469-70
Börsch-Supan 196441-42No. 42
Rumpf 1794138
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
‘Even if Cranach was influenced by classical, pseudo-classical and contemporary prototypes like Giorgione or Dürer he created an independent work, which is characterized by the juxtaposition of opposites. The unclothed representation of the female body on the one hand provokes the viewer’s attention, but at the same time his indulgent gaze is refused by the inscription and the nymph’s melancholy expression. The moralizing attitude, which warns against the sensual appearance of women may also contain a political meaning if compared with analogous scenes such as the abduction of Helen. In addition for the educated viewer the melancholy and contemplating nymph symbolized creative inspiration, while the fountain represented the source of wisdom.’
[Elke A. Werner, Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 197-198, No. III.16]