Cranach - Christ carrying the Cross
Christ carrying the Cross
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Sammlung Würth
23.05.2019 - 02:56
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SWK_6544
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_SWK_6544
FR (1978) No.FR096B
Title:
Christ carrying the Cross[Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009, 64]
Attribution:
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009, 64]
Dating:
about 1520[dated]
after 1537[Feurstein, in Cat. Donaueschingen 1934, 15-16]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerSammlung Würth
RepositorySammlung Würth
LocationSchwäbisch Hall
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 69 x 54.2 cm, cropped [Cat. Donaueschingen 1990, 176]
Support:
Painting on pine wood [Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009, 64]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia and date at the centre on the cross: winged serpent with elevated wings and dated '1520'. Not original because of the discrepancy between the date and the first appearance in 1537 of this type of insignia. [cda 2015]
Description:
The cross is made from untreated logs, one of which has had the bark removed from the front side. The legend is well known that when St Veronica saw Christ carrying the cross she took pity on him and wiped his face with her veil and its image was impressed on the cloth as Vera Icon (true image). [...] Whereas the heads of the henchmen touch on caricatures, because ugliness is equated with the force of evil, the faces of the men on horseback remain comparatively detached. The wonderful old head of Simon of Cyrene stands out in the composition. One of the henchmen kicks Christ to get him to rise. The grieving friends, St John and the Mother of God are not readily visible in the image, nor are the two bare-headed thieves at the right edge. The soldier who kicks Christ bends his head so far down that only his nose is visible beneath the cropped rim of his hat. [Löcher, in Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009, 64]
Provenance:
- about 1838 acquired by Major Fischer in Karlsruhe
[Cat. Donaueschingen 1990, 176]
- acquired by the Würth collection in 2003
[Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009, 6]
Exhibitions:
- Erfurt 1903, No. 28
- Schwäbisch Hall 2004, No. 5
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009645p. 65
Klein 1994 B210
Cat. Donaueschingen 199017638p. 177
Friedländer, Rosenberg 197996 B
Cat. Donaueschingen 193415-16
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932under no. 85
Cat. Donaueschingen 192115-16
Cat. Donaueschingen 190941-42
Exhib. Cat. Erfurt 1903528
Cat. Donaueschingen 187047
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.06.2015
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Sammlung Würth - Christ carrying the Cross - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - black fluid medium (soot ink?) and a brush

    Type/Ductus:
    - detailed and freehand underdrawing
    - thin to broader
    -occasional hatching-strokes

    Function:
    - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; occasional representation of volume with hatching-strokes

    Deviations:
    - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form; small changes (e.g. in the background cross omitted in the painted version)

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - workshop of Lucas Cranach the Elder
    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2016]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    • Date: 1990
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Underdrawing
    • - distinct brush drawing visible beneath all parts of the image, exhibiting bold, short, hooked lines that emphasize the anatomy. The style and execution are similar to works from 1510-1515 like the 'Mocking of Christ' from about 1515 (Weimar, Kunstsammlungen)
      [Cat. Donaueschingen 1990, 176]
        • Date: 1988
        • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
        • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
        • Support
        • Identification of wood species: Pinus sylvestris
          - two planks with narrow annual rings. No comparative curves available.
          [Cat. Donaueschingen 1990, 176]
          • examined by: Peter Klein
          Condition Reports:
          • Date: 1990
          • - damaged along the left edge - split in the area near the hill of Calvary - some retouching - former cradle removed and the panel attached to another panel [Cat. Donaueschingen 1990, 176]
            History of Restoration:
            • Date: 1860
            • conservation treatment carried out by Eggart. [Cat. Donaueschingen 1990, 176]
              • Date: 1838
              • conservation treatment carried out by Mattenheimer. [Cat. Donaueschingen 1990, 176]