Cranach - Portrait of Johann Friedrich the Magnanimous, Elector of Saxony
Portrait of Johann Friedrich the Magnanimous, Elector of Saxony
Workshop of Lucas Cranach the Younger
Sammlung Würth
23.11.2017 - 00:59
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SWK_6549
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_SWK_6549
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
Portrait of Johann Friedrich the Magnanimous, Elector of Saxony[Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009, 83]
Attribution:
Workshop of Lucas Cranach the Younger [Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009, 83]
Dating:
after 1551[Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009, 83]
about 1550 - 1555[Cat. Donaueschingen 1990, 184]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerSammlung Würth
RepositorySammlung Würth
LocationSchwäbisch Hall
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 38 x 27 cm [Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009, 83]
Support:
Painting on Lime wood [Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009, 83]
Signature / Date:
None [cda 2015]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
- there is a label attached to the reverse with the inv. no. 19 from the collection in Schloss Hüfingen. [Cat. Donaueschingen 1990, 184]
Description:
The narrow pictorial space and the closeness of the green curtain with the acidic yellow raking light doesn't leave him [Johann Friedrich] much scope. The embroidery on the doublet, the summary execution of the brown fur, the gold chains and the numerous rings illustrate his royal class, his gaze seeks allies and loyal subjects. [...] On this portrait the disfiguring scar on his face was considered disturbing and overpainted, but it is still visible. [Löcher, in Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009, 83]
Provenance:
- from the Laßberg collection
[Cat. Donaueschingen 1990, 184]
- acquired by the Würth collection in 2003
[Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009, 6]
Exhibitions:
- Schwäbisch Hall 2004, No. 13
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 20098313p. 82
Cat. Donaueschingen 199018442p. 185
Cat. Donaueschingen 193417
Cat. Donaueschingen 192117
Cat. Donaueschingen 190943
Cat. Donaueschingen 187048
Waagen 1848254
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.06.2015
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Workshop of Lucas Cranach the Younger - Sammlung Würth - Portrait of Johann Friedrich the Magnanimous, Elector of Saxony - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - fluid, black medium and quill?

    Type/Ductus:
    - halting, traced lines in the face, otherwise freehand underdrawing
    - hatching-strokes

    Function:
    - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; representation of volume with hatching-strokes

    Deviations:
    - minor alterations were made during the painting process to clearly define form; no changes

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - workshop of Lucas Cranach the Younger

    Comments:
    - a pair of eyes visible in the region of the mouth suggests that a painted panel was reused

    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2016]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    • Date: 1990
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Underdrawing
    • - the underdrawing essentially defines inner contours. Uninspired and lacking nuances. Apparently transferred from a pre-existing design. Katrin Boskamp, Freiburg (verbal communication in July 1988) discovered a pair of eyes beneath the mouth, that do not appear to belong to the underdrawing of the present portrait. A panel that had already been painted was probably used here.
      [Cat. Donaueschingen 1990, 184]
        Condition Reports:
        • Date: 1990
        • - repeatedly overpainted - the original edges of the painted surface have been retained on all four sides - the reverse has been smoothed and a protective coating was applied [Cat. Donaueschingen 1990, 184] - the disfiguring scar on the face was considered disturbing and overpainted, but remains visible [Löcher, in Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009, 83]