Cranach - Portrait of Martin Luther
Portrait of Martin Luther
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Sammlung Würth
25.02.2020 - 22:54
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SWK_6553
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_SWK_6553
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
Portrait of Martin Luther[Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009, 80]
Attribution:
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009, 80]
Dating:
after 1530[Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009, 80]
after 1532[Cat. Donaueschingen 1990, 190]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerSammlung Würth
RepositorySammlung Würth
LocationSchwäbisch Hall
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 20.7 x 14.8 cm [Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009, 80]
Support:
Painting on beech wood [Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009, 80]
Signature / Date:
None [cda 2015]
Description:
Half-length portrait of Martin Luther wearing a black gown and a beret, facing left against a blue background. [Görres, cda 2015]
Provenance:
- the origin of this panel is not known
- since 1986 on display in the gallery Donaueschingen before then in storage
[Cat. Donaueschingen 1990, 190]
- acquired by the Würth collection in 2003
[Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2009, 6]
Exhibitions:
- Schwäbisch Hall 2004, No. 12a
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 20098012ap. 81
Klein 1994 A200Tab. 10
Cat. Donaueschingen 199019046Ap. 190
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.06.2015
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Sammlung Würth - Portrait of Martin Luther - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - dry drawing material, dark chalk?

    Type/Ductus:
    - economic traced or copied underdrawing
    - thin lines

    Function:
    - binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the facial features; no representation of volume with hatching-strokes

    Deviations:
    - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form; no changes

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - Cranach workshop
    Comments:
    - transferred from a pre-existing design
    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2016]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    • Date: 1990
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Underdrawing
    • - an underdrawing is not visible
      [Cat. Donaueschingen 1990, 190]
        • Date: 1988
        • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
        • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
        • Support
        • - a single panel with 106 annual rings. The curve of the annual rings is located between 1423 and 1528. The panel could not have been painted before 1530.
          [Cat. Donaueschingen 1990, 190]
          • analysed by: Peter Klein
          Condition Reports:
          • Date: 1990
          • - in good condition - the reverse has been smoothed and exhibits a black protective coating [Cat. Donaueschingen 1990, 190]