Cranach - Law and Grace
Law and Grace
Franz Timmermann
Wallraf-Richartz-Museum - Fondation Corboud, Köln
23.05.2019 - 03:10
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CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_WRMK_WRM3475
Persistent Link
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Law and Grace[Schaefer, Saint-George 2003, 32-35]
Fall of Man and Salvation[Cat. Cologne 1969, 46]
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Franz Timmermann (?)[Schaefer, Saint-George 2003, 32-35][Emmendörffer 1998, 226]
Antonius Heusler [Sandner 1993, 238-243]
Lucas Cranach the Younger [Cat. Cologne 1969, 46]
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about 1540[Krischel 2003, 15][Emmendörffer 1998, 227]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerWallraf-Richartz-Museum - Fondation Corboud, Köln
RepositoryWallraf-Richartz-Museum - Fondation Corboud, Köln
Dimension of support: 55 x 59.2 cm [Cat. Cologne 1969, 46]
Painting on spruce wood [Cat. Cologne 1969, 46]
Signature / Date:
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
- bottom: 'Durchs gesetz kompt erkentnis der sunden Ro. 3 Das gesetz richt zorn an Ro .4 Die sunde ist des todis spies aber das gesetz Ist der sunden krafft 1 cor 15.' - bottom left: 'zum tod vn[d] Teufel' - top right: 'io. 1. Sihe das ist Gottis lam das der welt Sunde tregt' 'Esa[...] Sihe eine [Jun]gfrawe wird [sch]wanger vn[d] [einen] son geberen' The inscriptions on the bottom relate to Romans 3:20, Romans 4:15 and 1. Cor 15:56, the inscription on the top relates to John 1:29 and Isahia 7:14. [Cat. Cologne 1969, 46]
The tree at the centre separates the worlds of the Old and New Covenant. On one side the branches are bare, on the other side leaved. The Old Testament man (foreground, left), who was driven out of Paradise (background, left) and then condemned by the law (represented by Moses with the ten commandments and two prophets (?) on the right behind him), is driven into damnation (purgatory, foreground left) by Death and the Devil. At the top left Christ is shown as the Judge of the World. On the right side St John the Baptist shows a naked sinner the crucified one, blood spurts from his chest and falls on the Believer's head. On the far right the resurrected Christ stands in front of his tomb, triumphant over the dragon (Death) [sic] and a skeleton (Hell) [sic]. In the background the adoration of the brazen serpent is shown as the antetypus of the crucifixion, the Virgin = Mary is represented praying on a hill. An interpretation has yet to be found for the old man in the foreground on the right. [Cat. Cologne 1969, 46]
- collection of Graf Suminski, Schloss Tharandt near Dresden
- unknown private collection, Rhineland
- auction Helbing, Munich, 14 Oct 1907, No. 24
- 1960 purchased, donated by Eugen Th. and Elisabeth Reintjes, 's-Heerenberg, Netherlands

[Cat. Cologne 1969, 46]
- Cologne 2003
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Schaefer, Saint-George 200332-35
Krischel 1999
Emmendörffer 1998226-227Fig. 22.22
Cat. Kassel 1997132-13384
Exhib. Cat. Zurich 1994311-313114
Sandner 1993238-243
Cat. Cologne 196946
Neuerwerbungen Cologne 196712
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.02.2014
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Franz Timmermann - Wallraf-Richartz-Museum - Fondation Corboud, Köln - Law and Grace - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing

    - fluid black drawing medium; brushes of different widths

    - freehand detailed underdrawing executed in two phases
    - thin to broader lines
    - some hatching-strokes and perhaps some washes

    - only relatively binding for the final painted version; the lines define the contours of the figures and indicate facial features and details; representation of volume with occasional hatching-strokes and possibly some washes

    - adjustments were made during the painting process; numerous small changes


    - not from the Cranach workshop

    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich cda 2014]
      • Date: 2003
      • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
      • Underdrawing
      • - with pointed brush and black fluid medium
        - bold, drawn through, rather longer contour lines, details with short crescent-shaped impetus
        - lines vary in width
        - shadows of the faces of prophets and naked sinner in the centre drawn with hatchings
        - two styles in underdrawing are verifiable, the second one sometimes with corrections of the first one, showing diffenret levels of confidence in drawing
        - character of underdrawing shows a free conception on basis of a elabotate study
        - references to Cranach's early style of underdrawing, without its spontaneous and vivd quality
        - detailed underdrawing of faces, especially line of upper lid bow, ending with a slight upward impetus
        - changes between underdrawing and execution: correction of contour lines, rearrangement of hands, omission of details

        [Schaefer, Saint-George 2003, 34]
        • examined by: Iris Schaefer
        • examined by: Caroline von Saint-George
        Condition Reports:
        • Date: 1969
        • Top right insertion of piece of wood (2.5 x 8 cm). Left third of painting is damaged, especially left top corner. Figure of Eve added, as well as right shoulder, right body parts and left thigh of person on bottom left. Retouchings on inserted part. [Cat. Cologne 1969, 46]