Cranach - Portrait of Philipp Melanchthon
Portrait of Philipp Melanchthon
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
25.02.2020 - 22:29
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_smbGG_619
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_smbGG_619
FR (1978) No.FR314-315F
Title:
Portrait of Philipp Melanchthon[CDA 2010]
Attribution:
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder 'Workshop copy after a painting from 1532.' [Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010] [Cat. Berlin 1931, 611, No. 617]
Johann Lucas Cranach [Schuchardt 1851 A, 23, No. 31]
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Waagen, Cat. Berlin 1830, 144, No.62]
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Dating:
about 1540[Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStaatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
RepositoryStaatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
LocationBerlin
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 37.2 x 23.6 cm Dimensions including frame: 51 x 37.8 cm [Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
Support:
Painting on beech wood (Fagus sylvatica) [Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010] [Klein, Report 1997]
Signature / Date:
None
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Reverse of the panel: - top centre: label (Solly): 'D N° 3/ 62 Sie 24 [?]/ A [11]/ L [-9]' - centre right: remains of an old seal. - bottom left: label:'Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz/ Gemäldegalerie Berlin/ 619/ Cranach d. Ä. Werkstatt/ Philipp Melanchthon' - beneath: label: 'Staatliche Museen Berlin - Gemäldegalerie/ Inventar-Nr. I 690/ Katalog-Nr. 619/ Cranach Werkstatt/ Melanchthon' Reverse, on the backboard: - top centre: stamp (branded?): 'Gemäldegalerie Berlin' - bottom left: label: 'Staatliche Museen Berlin, Museum Dahlem/ Kat. Nr. 619/ Cranach, L. d. Ä. Werkstatt/ Bildnis Melanchtons' Reverse of the frame: - top and bottom members: stamp (branded?):'Gemäldegalerie Berlin' - left and right members: stamp (branded?): 'Berlin' [Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
Description:
Half-length portrait of Philipp Melanchthon (1497 - 1560) depicted without hands and facing left. He wears a black robe and is set against a light blue background. The reverse was later painted black. [Gemäldegalerie Berlin, Unsinn 2010]
Provenance:
- 1821 acquired with the Solly Collection
[Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
Exhibitions:
Berlin 1937, 36, No. 93
Montreal 1967, 382, No. 182
Weltausstellung, Osaka 1970
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Cat. Berlin 199635Fig. 84
Klein 1994 A198Tab. 5
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979131No. 315F
Exhib. Cat. Montreal 1967382No. 182
Lilienfein 194259
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 193736No. 93
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932252
Cat. Berlin 1931611No. 617
Cat. Berlin 1830144No. 62
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 2010
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Light microscopy
  • Dendrochronology
  • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of Philipp Melanchthon - ReverseWorkshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of Philipp Melanchthon - Reverse
  • Support
  • - beech wood
    - the rebate has been preserved on all four sides

    According to the most recent examinations carried out by Dr. Peter Klein the wood is from the same tree as that of the following paintings:

    Lucretia, Staatliche Museen Berlin, Gemäldegalerie, 1832, [DE_smbGG_1832_FR239]
    Philipp Melanchthon, Staatliche Museen Berlin, Gemäldegalerie, 619, [DE_smbGG_619_FR314-315F]
    Friedrich the Wise, New York 46.179.1
    An Ill-matched Pair, Staatliche Museen Berlin, Gemäldegalerie, 1606, [DE_smbGG_1606_FR-none]
    Portrait of a Man, KAC. 31.112, [US_NAMAKC_31-112_FR415]
    Christ as the Man of Sorrows, Bremen Roseliushaus, B56, [DE_KBSB_B56_FR381F]
    Christ Taking Leave of the Apostles, Stockholm Nationalmuseum, NM 254 (Planks II+III)
    Eve, Chicago, 1935.295
    Duke Johann Ernst von Sachsen, Staatliche Museen Berlin, Gemäldegalerie, II 55, [DE_smbGG_55-2_FR-none]
    The Electors of Saxony, Hamburger Kunsthalle (right and left wings), 606, [DE_HKH_HK-606a_FR338] and[DE_HKH_HK-606c_FR338]
    Martin Luther, DON, 727
  • Ground and Imprimatura
  • - a barbe along the edge of the painted surface has been preserved on all four sides
    • written by: Christine Unsinn
    • Date: 17.02.1997
    • Scientific analysis
    • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
    • Support
    • Identification of wood species: beech wood
      Youngest annual ring: 1531
      [Klein Report, 17.02.1997]
      • analysed by: Peter Klein