Cranach - Adam
Adam
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon
23.11.2017 - 00:53
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberF_MBAAB_896-1-54a
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/F_MBAAB_896-1-54a
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
Adam[Heydenreich 2007 A, 318-321] [Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32, Fig. 5]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Heydenreich 2007 A, 318-321] [Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, No. 116] [Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32, Fig. 5]
Dating:
about 1508 - 1510[Heydenreich 2007 A, 318-321] [Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, No. 116] [Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32, Fig. 5]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerMusée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon
RepositoryMusée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon
LocationBesançon
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 139 x 53.9 cm [Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, No. 116] [Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32, Fig. 5]
Support:
Painting on Wood, most likely lime wood [Heydenreich, CDA 2011]
Signature / Date:
None
Description:
The panel depicts Adam as a full-length, standing nude figure. His head of brown curls is inclined to the right and his gaze is directed in this direction. In his right hand he holds one end of a branch and in his left hand he holds the leaves and an apple at the other end. The background is dark, but Adam stands on stony ground. Part of a tree trunk is visible along the right edge of the painting and is completed on the pendant panel - Eve.
Provenance:
- 1607 in the inventory of the gallery of the Granvelle palace in Besancon
[Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32]
Exhibitions:
Frankfurt a. M. 2007, No. 116
Düsseldorf 2017, No. 55
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017142No. 55
Bonnet, Görres 201539-4110p. 41
Hinz 2010 B4436
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007360-361116p. 361
Exhib. Cat. London 200718-32Fig. 5
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974No. 565
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
In the Basel exhibition catalogue from 1974 this pendant pair is still classified as a copy after Cranach.
[Koepplin, Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974, No. 565]

Based on technical and stylistic features Gunnar Heydenreich attributes both panels to Lucas Cranach the Elder and considers them as Cranachs earliest known depiction of the Fall of Man.
[Heydenreich 2007 A, 318-321] [G. Heydenreich, Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32]

In the mean time G. Heydenreich has proved with an extensive technical examination that both panels can without doubt be classified as works by Cranach
[G. Dette, Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, No. 116]
The specifications with respect to the wood species, date and signature in the Frankfurt exhibition catalogue do not refer to the pendant pair from Besan?on.
[Herrschaft, CDA 2011]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.02.2008
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Adam - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Adam - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Adam - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Adam - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Adam - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Adam - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Adam - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Adam - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Adam - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Adam - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Adam - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Adam - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Adam - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Adam - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - fluid, black medium and brush

    Type/Ductus:
    - freehand underdrawing
    - thin to relatively broad lines

    Function:
    - only partially binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; no representation of volume

    Deviations:
    - alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form; smaller and larger changes (e.g. face)

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - Lucas Cranach the Elder

    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • Date: 2007
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Support
    • 'Some joins partly covered with fibres'
    • Ground and Imprimatura
    • 'lead white based imprimatura, which was applied with a wide brush'
    • Underdrawing
    • 'made with a pointed brush and a black pigment in a liquid medium, evident in the infrared reflectogram'
      [Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32]
        History of Restoration:
        • Date: 2017
        • - 2016/17 conservation treatments