Cranach - Eve
Eve
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon
23.11.2017 - 00:52
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberF_MBAAB_896-1-54b
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/F_MBAAB_896-1-54b
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
Eve[Heydenreich 2007 A, 318-321] [Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Heydenreich 2007 A, 318-321] [Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, No. 116] [Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32, Fig. 5]
Dating:
about 1508 - 1510[Heydenreich 2007 A, 318-321] [Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, No. 116] [Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32, Fig. 5]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerMusée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon
RepositoryMusée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon
LocationBesançon
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 139 x 53.9 cm [Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, No. 116] [Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32, Fig. 5]
Support:
Painting on Wood, most likely lime wood [Heydenreich, CDA 2011]
Signature / Date:
None
Description:
The painting depicts Eve as a full-length, standing nude figure. She is shown frontally and fixes her gaze on the viewer. In her left, raised hand Eve holds an apple. The leaves of the branch attached to it cover her vulva. In her right hand, which is raised, she holds an apple with a bite out of it. Eva wears her long, blond hair loose. The background is dark, but Eve stands on stony ground and part of a tree is visible along the left edge of the painting. A serpent winds itself around the branches of the tree. The tree is completed on the pendant panel - Adam.
Provenance:
- 1607 in the inventory of the gallery of the Granvelle palace in Besancon
[Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32]
Exhibitions:
Frankfurt a. M. 2007, No. 116
Düsseldorf 2017, No. 55
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017142No. 55
Bonnet, Görres 201539-4110p. 41
Hinz 2010 B4437
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007360-361116p. 361
Exhib. Cat. London 200718-32Fig. 5
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974No. 565
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
In the Basel exhibition catalogue from 1974 this pendant pair is still classified as a copy after Cranach.
[Koepplin, Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974, No. 565]

Based on technical and stylistic features Gunnar Heydenreich attributes both panels to Lucas Cranach the Elder and considers them as Cranachs earliest known depiction of the Fall of Man.
[Heydenreich 2007 A, 318-321] [G. Heydenreich, Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32]

In the mean time G. Heydenreich has proved with an extensive technical examination that both panels can without doubt be classified as works by Cranach
[G. Dette, Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, No. 116]
The specifications with respect to the wood, date and signature in the Frankfurt exhibition catalogue do not refer to the pendant pair from Besan?on.
[Herrschaft, CDA 2011]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.02.2008
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Eve - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Eve - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Eve - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Eve - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Eve - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Eve - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Eve - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Eve - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Eve - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Eve - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Eve - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Eve - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Eve - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Eve - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon - Eve - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - fluid, black medium and brush

    Type/Ductus:
    - freehand underdrawing
    - thin lines

    Function:
    - only partially binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; no representation of volume

    Deviations:
    - alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form; smaller and larger changes (e.g. feet, eyes, breast)

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - Lucas Cranach the Elder

    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • Date: 2007
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Ground and Imprimatura
    • 'lead white based imprimatura, which was applied with a wide brush'
    • Underdrawing
    • 'made with pointed brush and a black pigment in a liquid medium, evident in the infrared reflectogram'
      [Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32]
    • Support
    • 'Some joins partly covered with fibres'
        History of Restoration:
        • Date: 2017
        • - 2016/17 conservation treatments