Cranach - Lucretia
Lucretia
Circle of Lucas Cranach the Elder
Pinacoteca Nazionale di Siena
25.05.2020 - 15:00
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberIT_PNS_537
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/IT_PNS_537
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
Lucretia[Herrschaft, cda 2011]
Lucrezia[Annotation by the museum on the reverse of a postcard from the Pinacoteca di Siena in the Archive of D. Koepplin]
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Attribution:
Circle of Lucas Cranach the Elder'School of Lucas Cranach the Elder' [Museum annotation on the reverse of a postcard of the Pinacoteca di Siena in the Archive of D. Koepplin]
Follower of or copy after Lucas Cranach the Elder[Handwritten annotation by D. Koepplin on the reverse of a postcard of the Pinacoteca di Siena in his Archive]
Lucas Cranach the Younger [Pinacoteca Nazionale di Siena, revised 2011]
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Dating:
about 1500 - 1599 '16. Jahrhundert' [Noted on the reverse of a postcard from the Pinacoteca di Siena in the Archive of D. Koepplin]
16th - 17th century[handwritten annotation by D. Koepplin on the reverse of a postcard of the Pinacoteca di Siena in his Archive]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerPinacoteca Nazionale di Siena
RepositoryPinacoteca Nazionale di Siena
LocationSiena
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 42 x 27,7 cm [Cat. Siena 1978, 256]
Support:
Painting on wood [Cat. Siena 1978, 256]
Description:
The painting depicts Lucretia as a half-length seated figure. Her head is inclined to the left, whereas her body is turned slightly to the right and she stares into the far distance. She holds a long dagger in her right hand pointed up against her breast. Her left hand rests on her lap. Lucretia wears a greenish coloured fur-trimmed overcoat on her shoulders, beneath which a contemporary undergarment with puffed sleeves is visible and her breasts are revealed. Her blond hair is pinned up, but some curls have fallen down. She wears a simple neckband with a pendant and a leather band around her neck. In the background the folds of a curtain are indicated. This opens on the right to reveal a view of a landscape with a castle. According to the legend Lucretia lived in the 6th century BC and was the beautiful and virtuous wife of the roman Collatinus. The roman King's son - Sextus Tarquinius fell in love with her. During a stay in her house Sextus threatened to kill her and shame her honour if she did not surrender to him. After the rape Lucretia had her father and husband vow vengeance and then she stabbed herself. The event led to an uprising in which the royal family was overthrown and the Roman Empire became a Republic. Depictions of Lucretia who was seen as the epitomy of female virtue, chastity, fidelity and honour enjoyed great popularity, particularly in the 16th century. [Literature: Bierende 2002, Follak 2002, Livius 1909]
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Bierende 2002
Follak 2002
Cat. Siena 1978256
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
This iconographical type was often employed by Cranach and there are at least five versions depicting Lucretia with the dagger in her right hand, lowered before her body, her left hand resting in her lap, frequently concealing her vulva with a garment or her hand.
[Herrschaft, cda 2011]