Cranach - Lucretia
Lucretia
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Muzeum Palacu Króla Jana III w Wilanowie
25.05.2020 - 15:16
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberPL_WPM_Wil1749
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/PL_WPM_Wil1749
FR (1978) No.FR397
Title:
Lucretia[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 150, No. 397]
Attribution:
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Cat. Warsaw 2000, No. 12]
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 150, No. 397] [Bialostocki, Walicki 1957, 494, No. 116]
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Dating:
1538[dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerMuzeum Palacu Króla Jana III w Wilanowie
RepositoryMuzeum Palacu Króla Jana III w Wilanowie
LocationWarsaw
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 58.2 x 40.2 cm [Cat. Warsaw 2000, No. 12]
Support:
Painting on oak wood [Cat. Warsaw 2000, No. 12]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia at the top right: inscribed with the serpent (with dropped wings) and dated '1538'
Description:
The painting depicts Lucretia as a seated half-length nude figure. Her face, which expresses sufferance, is tilted to the left and she gazes into the far distance. She holds a long dagger in her right hand with the tip pointing up towards her. In her left hand she holds an overcoat, which is wrapped around her hips and covers her lap. In addition she wears a transparent undergarment and a similarly transparent veil. Her hair is pinned up under the veil. She wears a piece of jewellery in the form of a linked chain with a pendant. The background is dark. According to the legend Lucretia lived in the 6th century BC and was the beautiful and virtuous wife of the roman Collatinus. The roman King's son - Sextus Tarquinius fell in love with her. During a stay in her house Sextus threatened to kill her and shame her honour if she did not surrender to him. After the rape Lucretia had her father and husband vow vengeance and then she stabbed herself. The event led to an uprising in which the royal family was overthrown and the Roman Empire became a Republic. Depictions of Lucretia who was seen as the epitomy of female virtue, chastity, fidelity and honour enjoyed great popularity, particularly in the 16th century. [Literature: Bierende 2002, Follak 2002, Livius 1909]
Provenance:
- 1743 recorded in the Wilanów Collection
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 150, No. 397]
[Bialostocki, Walicki 1957, 494, No. 116]
- 1969 in the catalogue of the Nationalmuseum Warsaw
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 150, No. 397]
Exhibitions:
Warsaw 1961
Bordeaux 1964
Kiel 1996
Gdansk 2011
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Cat. Coburg 2018100, fn. 2under no. 17
Cat. Warsaw 2000No. 12
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979150f.No. 397Fig. 397
Bialostocki, Walicki 1957494No. 116
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
This iconographical type was often employed by Cranach and there are at least five other versions depicting Lucretia with the dagger in her right hand, lowered before her body and her left hand resting in her lap, frequently concealing her vulva with a garment or her hand.
[Herrschaft, cda 2012]