Cranach - Salome (fragment)
Salome (fragment)
Master IW
Private Collection
24.04.2019 - 18:06
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberPRIVATE_NONE-P165
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/PRIVATE_NONE-P165
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
Salome (fragment)[cda 2017]
Attribution:
Master IW [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 291, No. 183]
Dating:
about 1525[Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 291, No. 183]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerPrivate Collection
RepositoryPrivate Collection
Location
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 58 x 47 cm [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 291, No. 183]
Support:
Painting on wood [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 291, No. 183]
Signature / Date:
None
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
None
Description:
This 'Portrait of a Lady' is part of a larger composition and together with another fragment originally depicted Salome with the head of St John the Baptist. Salome wears a sumptuous dress with a striking waist-line and lacing, while brocade inserts line the slit sleeves. [see Heydenreich, Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017]
Exhibitions:
Düsseldorf 2017, No. 183
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017291No. 183
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
The two fragments were originally one painting depicting Salome holding the severed head of John the Baptist in a bowl in front of her. At some stage the upper and lower halves of the painting were separated and sold. The connection between the fragments was first recognized within the context of the Cranach Digital Archive research project. In the exhibition that this publication accompanies both parts (now held in Italian and German private collections) are reunited for the first time.
Although the work is neither signed nor dated stylistic features and characteristic techniques support an attribution to the Master IW. The pale flesh paint, the striking waist-line and the laced bodice as well as the slit sleeves lined with brocade inserts also distinguish the following panels: ‘Judith with the Head of Holofernes’ (1525, Prague),’ Lucretia’ (1525, private collection) and ‘Salome with the Head of St John the Baptist’ (about 1525, private collection). The identity of the Master IW has not yet been clarified. We do however know that he was active in the Cranach workshop until about 1520 and probably moved to Bohemia during the reformation and the associated decline in commissions for altarpieces. Here he produced numerous works using templates from the Cranach workshop. Until about 1550 he was the most important mediator of Cranach’s style in Bohemia.
[Heydenreich, Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 291, No. 183]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 2017
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Master IW - Private Collection - Salome (fragment) - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Material:
    - fluid, black medium, brush

    Type/Ductus:
    - economic, freehand underdrawing (not always visible)
    - thin lines

    Function:
    - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate the main contours and describe facial features; no representation of volume

    Deviations:
    - minor corrections were made to the forms during the painting process; small changes (e. g. on the earlaps)

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - Master IW or Cranach workshop?
    [Sandner, Smith-Contini, Heydenreich, cda 2018]
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • Date: 2008
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • X-radiography
    • Master IW - Private Collection - Salome (fragment) - X-Radiographs
        • Date: 2008
        • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
        • Infrared reflectography
        • Master IW - Private Collection - Salome (fragment) - Infrared ImagesMaster IW - Private Collection - Salome (fragment) - Infrared ImagesMaster IW - Private Collection - Salome (fragment) - Infrared Images
        • Underdrawing
        • DESCRIPTION
          - an underdrawing is not readily visible
          [Sandner, Smith-Contini, Heydenreich, cda 2017]