Cranach - Triptych with Christ among the Doctors [central panel]
Triptych with Christ among the Doctors [central panel]
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Private Collection
18.02.2019 - 11:46
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberPRIVATE_NONE-P187a
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/PRIVATE_NONE-P187a
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
Triptych with Christ among the Doctors [central panel][cda 2018]
Attribution:
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Christie's Online database; https://www.christies.com/lotfinder/lot/lucas-cranach-ii-saint-paul-1694590-details.aspx; accessed 23 Jan 2018] [Erichsen 1994, 157]
Circle of Lucas Cranach the Eldersold at Lempertz in 1968 as by 'A Master of the environs of Kulmbach, in the Circle of Lucas Cranach the Elder'
Matthes Cranach [Erichsen 1994, 157]
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Dating:
about 1510 - 1512[Erichsen 1994, 157]
about 1515 - 1520[L. Meyer, W. Schade in: Christie's Online database; https://www.christies.com/lotfinder/lot/lucas-cranach-ii-saint-paul-1694590-details.aspx; accessed 23 Jan 2018]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerPrivate Collection
RepositoryPrivate Collection
Location
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 147.3 x 99.7 cm [Christie's Online database; https://www.christies.com/lotfinder/lot/lucas-cranach-ii-saint-paul-1694590-details.aspx; accessed 23 Jan 2018]
Support:
Painting on wood [Christie's Online database; https://www.christies.com/lotfinder/lot/lucas-cranach-ii-saint-paul-1694590-details.aspx; accessed 23 Jan 2018]
Signature / Date:
none
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
none
Description:
The scholars stand or sit together in small groups and listen to the words of the 12 year old Jesus in the temple or debate with one another. The Virgin and Joseph enter the scene from the left edge.
Provenance:
- (possibly) commissioned by Christoph von Scheurl (1481-1542), jurist, diplomat and humanist, c. 1512, and donated to
- (possibly) the sanctuary church at Wallersberg, Weismain, Bavaria
- by 1948 private collection, Tilburg, The Netherlands
- 29 November 1968 at Lempertz, Cologne, lot 31, colour pl. VIII, pl. 2, as 'Meister aus der Gegend von Kulmbach aus dem Kreise von Lucas Cranach dem Älteren', where purchased by Dr. Gustav Rau
- 8 Dec 2009 at Christie's, London, lot 15
[Christie's Online database; https://www.christies.com/lotfinder/lot/lucas-cranach-ii-saint-paul-1694590-details.aspx; accessed 23 Jan 2018]
Exhibitions:
Portland 2005, No. 28
Bergamo 2002, No. 28
Cologne/Munich 2001/2002, No. 28
Paris 2000/2001, No. 28
Tilburg 1948, No. 82
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
[...] Erichsen was the first to propose that it might be an early work by Cranach the Elder's brother, Matthes Cranach, painted in Kronach, Upper Franconia, where Matthes returned after his studies in Wittenberg. [...] If not Matthes, Erichsen argues that the triptych must be by another pupil or workshop collaborator of Cranch the Elder's, painted to a specific commission. [...] Mr. Ludwig Meyer and Dr. Werner Schade independently suggest an attribution to the Workshop of Lucas Cranach the Elder and a date circa 1515-20. Dr. Schade notes that the picture displays very accomplished handling, and may well be the work of a pupil in Cranach's studio who might later have become a master in his own right and subsequently changed his style.
[; Sale 7782, Old Master and 19th Century Paintings, Drawings and Watercolours Evening Sale, 2009, Lot 15; accessed 23 Jan 2018]
In his note to the travelling exhibition of Dr. Rau's collection, Frédéric Elsig refers to the unusual iconography of the altarpiece, which, by juxtaposing The Miraculous Multiplication of the Loaves and Fishes, The Marriage at Cana and Christ Among the Doctors, draws a parallel between bread, wine and The Word. Elsig notes that such a pictorial programme is likely to have been suggested by a humanist, which supports the Scheurl hypothesis. The charming symbolic alignment suggests that The Word, and the words that compose and express it, possess the same nourishing and inspirational qualities as food and wine, while at the same time the equation of the Eucharist with the Scripture speaks to a latent Lutheran philosophy. The unexpected and highly unusual juxtaposition of The Nativity with the alms-giving Saint Elizabeth of Thuringia adds to these sentiments an idea of The Nativity as an act of Divine Mercy, as indeed are Christ's miracles on the open wings - a mercy which brings nourishment, inspiration and salvation. Such a complex, nuanced and meaningful programme could well have been the invention of Scheurl himself, the devout man-of-letters and ally to Luther.
[Christie's Online database; https://www.christies.com/lotfinder/lot/lucas-cranach-ii-saint-paul-1694590-details.aspx; accessed 23 Jan 2018]