Cranach - The Feeding of the Five Thousand
The Feeding of the Five Thousand
Lucas Cranach the Elder (and Workshop)
Nationalmuseum, Stockholm
22.09.2019 - 03:49
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberSE_NMS_Grh2335
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/SE_NMS_Grh2335
FR (1978) No.FR366F
Title:
The Feeding of the Five Thousand[cda 2017]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder (and Workshop)[Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 207, No. 113] 'Werkstattbeteiligung kommt in Betracht' [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 143-144, No. 366F]
Lucas Cranach the Younger 'Autorschaft L. Cranach d.J. kommt in Betracht' [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 143-144, No. 366F]
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Dating:
about 1535-1540[Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 207, No. 113]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerNationalmuseum, Stockholm
RepositoryNationalmuseum, Stockholm
LocationStockholm
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 80 x 120 cm [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 207, No. 113]
Support:
Painting on wood (lime wood) [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 207, No. 113] lime wood [Klein report, 02.06.1998]
Signature / Date:
None
Description:
When they heard of Christ's miracles thousands followed the Messiah and his disciples. Christ was anxious to provide food for the crowd, but the disciples could only bring him a boy who had five fish and three loaves to sell. Thereupon Christ said the prayer of thanksgiving and the loaves and fishes were enough to satisfy everyone. This multiplication of the loaves and fishes is traditionally interpreted as a prefiguration of the Eucharist. Cranach arranged the heads of the onlookers along the diagonal axis of the painting. As such he followed a concept that he had already employed in 'The Sermon of St John the Baptist' from 1516, a vertical format woodcut that is related in content. The apostles have taken the boy in their midst and he looks up in amazement at Christ blessing. [Görres, Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 207, No. 113]
Exhibitions:
Düsseldorf 2017, No. 113
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017207No. 113
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979143-144No. 366F
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
This depiction of the miracle of the multiplication of the loaves and fishes has not received enough attention as a subject-matter in research on the art of the Reformation. […]
Luther saw in the pure, immediate faith of a child the ideal for the faithful, which Cranach adopted as his guiding principle for his compositions of Christ Blessing the Children and Caritas. Although all gospels record the miracle Cranach chose, not by chance, John 6, 1-15 the only biblical reference where the boy is mentioned as bringing the food. This interpretation corresponds with the presence among the crowd of many children, some playing with their mothers or being breast fed.
[Görres, Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 207, No. 113]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 2017
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder (and Workshop) - Nationalmuseum, Stockholm - The Feeding of the Five Thousand - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION
    An underdrawing is not readily visible, but where the painted lines diverge from the underdrawing thin line are discernible (e. g. in the face of the woman wearing a blue dress in the foreground; in the face of the child on her knee); minor correction were also made during the painting process. There is probably a careful underdrawing with a stylus.
    [Sandner, Smith-Contini, Heydenreich, cda 2018]
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • Date: 02.06.1998
    • Scientific analysis
    • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronolo
    • Support
    • Identification of wood species: lime
      [Klein Report, 02.06.1998]
      • analysed by: Peter Klein