Cranach - Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg as Saint Jerome
Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg as Saint Jerome
Lucas Cranach the Elder
John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota
17.09.2019 - 10:26
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberUS_RMAS_SN308
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/US_RMAS_SN308
FR (1978) No.FR186
Title:
Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg as Saint Jerome[John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, revised 2014]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, revised 2014]
Dating:
1526[dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerJohn and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota
RepositoryJohn and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota
LocationSarasota
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 114.9 x 89.1 cm (45 1/4 x 35 1/16 in.) [John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, revised 2014] 114.9 x 78.9 cm [Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, 254]
Support:
Painting on wood [John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, revised 2014]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia on the leg of the table in the foreground: winged serpent with elevated wings facing right and dated '1526'; in black paint [John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, revised 2014]
Description:
Cranach depicts Albrecht von Brandenburg in cardinal's vestments in the role of St Jerome in a comfortable study with a coffered ceiling that is lit from the right by a crown glass window. The cardinal is seated at a large desk with writing implements, books and a crucifix. On the wall behind him is a shelf with books and crockery, a depiction of the Virgin and Child as well as other articles of daily use. In addition to the lion, represented as his attribute, there is also a family of pheasants, a young stag, a beaver, a squirrel, a hare and a macaw in the painting. [Görres, cda 2016]
Provenance:
- 1744 (no. 349) and 1789-1803 (no. 237) in the collection of the Dukes of Braunschweig-Lüneburg [Salzdahlum inventories] {according to letter from August Fink, 1959} [1]
- 1811 sold? from Salzdahlum {from Gilbert-Fink correspondence 1959}
- 1851 in the collection of Councillor Hollandt in Brunswick {from Schuchhardt 1851}
- 1900 in the collection of Colonel von Natzmer in Potsdam
- 1925 Galerie Schröder, Melzen
- 1926 Galerie P. Cassirer, Berlin
- By 1929 in the collection of John Ringling, Sarasota, Florida [3]
- 1936 by bequest to the John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota, Florida

[1] August Fink (once curator of the Herzog-Anton-Ulrich Museum) says in 1959 (letter in museum files) that the picture appears in the Salzdahlum inventory of 1744 but not in the catalogues of 1710 or 1776, indicating that it was 'not a part of the picture gallery but was hung in the private rooms of the ducal family. And most probably it is not an acquisition of the period of duke Charles I (1735-80) but part of the stock of the collections of the 17th or even 16th century. In the last inventory of the collection (1789-1803) it is Nr. 237.'

[2] [Schuchardt 1851, 35]:
'In Braunschweig
b) Sammlung des Raths Hollandt
60) Der heilige Hieronymus in seiner Zelle. Mit der Jahrzahl 1526. 4 Fuß hoch und 2 Fuß 9 Zoll 3 Linien breit.
Der Heilige, in Cardinaltracht, Portrait des Cardinals Albrecht von Mainz, sitzt in einem geräumigen Zimmer an einer weißen hölzernen Tafel von verschiedenen Thieren umgeben. Schönes Bild, doch nicht so ganz frisch und meisterhaft wie die vorzüglichsten Arbeiten Cranach's. Interessant ist es besonders deshalb, weil durch Perspective, Helldunkel des Zimmers und durch verständige Bertheilung der Localfarben ein hoher Grad von Haltung hervor gebracht ist, der eine Berechnung dahin voraussetzt. Die Thiere sind zierlich gemalt. Das Bild gleicht im Ganzen dem Gemälde mit demselben Gegenstande im darmstädter Museum.'
--------------
From Braunschweig im Jahre MDCCCXCVII., Städtische Festschrift veröffentlicht bei Gelegenheit der Versammlung Deutscher Naturforscher und Aerzte zu Braunschweig im Jahre 1897 (available as e-book):
'Sammlung Hollandt (Bruchthorpromenade 4) enthält ca. 75 Oelbilder älterer
deutscher, niederländischer und italienischer Meister. Besonders hervorzuheben ist ein Cyclus von sieben Bildern von Lucas Cranach, darstellend die Thaten des Herkules. Frau E. Hollandt.'

[3] In a publication of 1929 (Esther Singleton, Old World Masters in New World Collections), the author states that the picture 'came into possession of the present owner [John Ringling] from Baron Viehweg of Hanover, in whose family it had been since the time of Cranach.'

Also in exhibition catalogue of 1929 (Van Diemen Galleries, New York, Exhibition of Paintings by Lucas Cranach the Elder) the provenance is given thus: 'Collection Baron Viehweg, Hanover - Lent by John Ringling, Esq.'

[John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota, revised 2014]
Exhibitions:
New York, 1929
Reinhardt Galleries, New York, 1930
San Francisco World's Fair, 1940
St. Louis, 1947
Hartford Connecticut, 1949
Indianapolis Indiana, 1950
Northampton, Massachusetts, 1953
Los Angeles, 1957
Wildenstein Galleries, New York, 1961
New York, 1981
Sarasota, FL, 1986
Frankfurt 2007/2008, No. 67
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007254-25567p. 255
Tacke 2007 C87, 88
Brinkmann 200722
Exhib. Cat. Halle 2006
Exhib. Cat. New York 1981
De Coo 1981126
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979No. 186
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974101
Exhib. Cat. New York 1961
Exhib. Cat. Los Angeles 1957
Exhib. Cat. Northampton 1953
Cat. Sarasota 1949256-257
Exhib. Cat. Hartford 1949
Cat. Sarasota 194251-52
Kuhn 19363895
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932158
Exhib. Cat. New York 1930
Exhib. Cat. St. Louis 1947
Exhib. Cat. New York 192913
Schuchardt 1851 C3560
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 22.06.1992
  • Scientific analysis
  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
  • Support
  • Identification of wood species: beech wood
    Youngest annual ring: 1523
    [Klein Report, 22.06.1992]
    • examined by: Peter Klein