Cranach - Friedrich III the Wise, Elector of Saxony
Friedrich III the Wise, Elector of Saxony
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg, Coburg
30.10.2020 - 19:40
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_KSVC_M166
Persistent Linkhttps://lucascranach.org/DE_KSVC_M166
FR (1978) No.FR064B
Title:
Friedrich III the Wise, Elector of Saxony[CDA 2010]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Cat. Coburg 2018, 118] [Exhib. Cat. Coburg 2010, 166]
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Exhib. Cat. Kronach, Leipzig 1994, 315]
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Dating:
about 1515[Exhib. Cat. Coburg 2010, 166]
about 1513[Cat. Coburg 2018, 118]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerKunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg, Coburg
RepositoryKunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg, Coburg
LocationCoburg
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 64.4 x 48 x 0.3 cm (original panel/1.9 cm (including auxillary support) [Cat. Coburg 2018, 118] Dimensions of support: 64 x 48 cm [Exhib. Cat. Coburg 2010, 166] Dimensions of support: 64.4 x 48.7 cm [Maedebach, Exhib. Cat. Coburg 1972, No. 16]
Support:
Painting on fir (pine wood) [Cat. Coburg 2018, 118] [Klein report 03.03.2016] Painting on softwood [Exhib. Cat. Coburg 2010, 166] [Maedebach, Exhib. Cat. Coburg 1972, No. 16]
Signature / Date:
none
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Original Inscriptions:
none
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Reverse: - handwritten 'M. 166' [Cat. Coburg 2018, 118]
Description:
Half-length portrait, facing right. The sitter is praying. [Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg, revised 2010]
Provenance:
- probably from an altarpiece, which was formerly in the church of St Moritz zu Coburg
[Maedebach, Cat. Coburg 1969]
- ducal property, Coburg
- 1876 Ducal Art and Antiquities Collection, Coburg (Herzogliche Kunst- und Altertümersammlung der Veste Coburg (HKA))
- 1919 Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg (KVC)
- 1921 displayed in the residential quarters of the Ducal Palace (Fürstenbau), Coburg
[Cat. Coburg 2018, 118]
Exhibitions:
Coburg 1967, No. 57
Coburg 1972, No. 16
Kronach, Leipzig 1994, 315-317, No. 135
Frankfurt, London, 2007, 172, No. 28, 29
Coburg, Berlin 2010, 166
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Cat. Coburg 2018118-120, 122-12821Fig. p. 120, Figs. 1, 4
Weschenfelder 2018 A13, 14, 18, 20, 23
Müller 2015276
Malherbe 20112Fig. p. 23
Müller 201060, 61Fig. 3
Exhib. Cat. Coburg 2010166-167No. 1.2.02Fig. 1.2.02
Heydenreich 2007 A69, 219, 301
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007172-17328pp. 172, 173
Cat. Coburg 200432
Hambrecht 1995359
Friedländer, Rosenberg 197983No. 64B
Exhib. Cat. Coburg 1972No. 16
Cat. Coburg 1969No. 57
Exhib. Cat. Coburg 1967No. 57
Friedländer, Rosenberg 19324157
Voss, Lehfeldt 1907539
Friedländer 190510Plate 12
Exhib. Cat. Erfurt 190317No. 93
Lehfeldt 1900162ff.No. 11
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
'The Coburg fragments constitute the lower half of the separated inner sides of two altar wings, from which the top third of each outer side is also preserved (Herzoglicher Kunstbesitz Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha, Schloss Callenberg, Coburg). The latter show the busts of the apostles Simon and Judas as well as James the Elder and Andrew in pairs. These were originally full-length figures. Their calves and feet were once visible on the reverse of the panel and only fell victim to a restoration in the 20th century. It is certain that the dukes as half-length figures only occupied the lower halves of the wings, and may originally have been towered over by a patron saint positioned behind them, who interceded for them with the figures on the central panel. The black background appears to have been renewed.'
[Brinkmann, Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, 172]
with Figs. of the reconstruction of the altar both closed and open
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 2018
  • Technical Examination
  • Support
  • - fir (pine wood)

    - four vertically aligned and butt-joined planks. planks I and II: 24 cm; plank III: 15 cm; plank IV: 9 cm
  • Ground and Imprimatura
  • - chalk ground
    [Cat. Coburg 2018, 118]
      • Date: 03.03.2016
      • Scientific analysis
      • Dendrochronology / identification of wood species
      • Support
      • Identification of wood species: fir (pine wood) (Abies sp.).

        [Klein report, 03.03.2016]
        • analysed by: Peter Klein
        • Date: 01.09.2010
        • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
        • Infrared reflectography
        • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg, Coburg - Friedrich III the Wise, Elector of Saxony - Infrared Images
        • Underdrawing
        • - an underdrawing is not readily visible

          [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
          • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
          • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
          • Date: 2010
          • Technical Examination
          • Framing
          • - new frame: 20th century, Fa. Pfefferle, Munich
            [Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg, revised 2010]
              Condition Reports:
              • Date: 2018
              • Support: - cropped on all four sides. Mounted on blockboard Varnish: - the painting has a glossy resin varnish, which was probably applied repeatedly with a brush. The strong fluorescence of this layer restricts the identification of retouches under UV light to a few relatively new ones. [Cat. Coburg 2018, 118]
                • Date: 2010
                • - thinned (separated) and laminated onto a blockboard [Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg, revised 2010]
                  History of Restoration:
                  • Date: 1994
                  • Conservation treatment [Cat. Coburg 2018, 118]
                  • conservation treatment by: Jürgen Holstein
                  • Date: 18.11.1961
                  • [Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg, revised 2010]
                  • conservation treatment by: Richard Harzenetter