Cranach - Virgin and Child with St. John under an apple tree
Virgin and Child with St. John under an apple tree
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe
30.10.2020 - 19:34
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CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SKK_0123
Persistent Link
FR (1978) No.FR226
Virgin and Child with St. John under an apple tree[Cat. Karlsruhe 1966, 92]
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932, 65, No. 189a] [Cat. Karlsruhe 1966, 92]
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Sandner 1998 B, 144]
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about 1535[Sandner 1998 B, 89] [Cat. Karlsruhe 1966, 92]
1527-1537[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1978, no. 226]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStaatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe
RepositoryStaatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe
Dimensions of support: 90 x 59 cm [Cat. Karlsruhe 1966, 92]
Painting on lime wood [Klein, Report 2013] [Klein, Report 2008] beech wood [Cat. Karlsruhe 1966, 92]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia at the top: winged serpent [Cat. Karlsruhe 1966, 92]
The Virgin sits beneath an apple tree. She supports the Christ Child with her hands. He stands upright on her lap and has turned to the left to exchange an apple with the young St John, who is dressed in fur. The Virgin has long thick hair and is clothed in the colours blue, red and green. The inclination of her head reveals her interest in the children's activity. She looks out at the viewer. A rocky outcrop with the silhouette of a castle is visible in the top left corner. [Görres, cda 2012]
- from the collection of the Margrave of Baden, presumably the collection of the Margravine Sibylla Augusta of Baden-Baden from the inheritance of the Dukes of Saxony-Lauenburg in the castle of Theusing in Bohemia; in the inventory of 1691 as No. 12: "1 Marien bild mit dem kindl auf holz von Lucas Granich" (Virgin and Child on wood by Lucas Granich)
[Renner 1941, 63, 190][1]

[1][Cat. Karlsruhe 1966, 92]
- Karlsruhe 1955, no. 298
- Brussels 2010, no. 77
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Cat. Coburg 201845under no. 3
Exhib. Cat. Brussels 201014777p. 147
Sandner 1998 B89, 92
Wittmann 1998169
Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 1998144No. 16.4Fig. 16.4
Klein 1994 A195Tab. 1
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1978226
Cat. Karlsruhe 196692
Exhib. Cat. Karlsruhe 1955298
Renner 194163, 190
Friedländer, Rosenberg 193265189A
Michaelson 1902109
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 08.04.2013
  • Scientific analysis
  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
  • Support
  • Identification of wood species: lime wood (Tilia sp.)
    • analysed by: Peter Klein
    • Date: 01.07.2011
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe - Virgin and Child with St. John under an apple tree - Infrared Images
    • Underdrawing

      - fluid, black medium and brush

      - detailed and freehand underdrawing
      - thin lines

      - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; no representation of volume
      - alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form; changes (e.g. the Virgin’s head, the infant Christ’s head)


      - Lucas Cranach the Elder

      [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
    • Underdrawing
    • - freehand underdrawing with a brush and a black pigmented medium; alterations in the painted version particularly in the head of the Christ Child
      [Heydenreich, cda 2011]
      • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
      • photographed by: Ingo Sandner