Cranach - St Mary Cleophas with Alphaeus and St Mary Salomas with Zebedee [combined wings of a triptych]
St Mary Cleophas with Alphaeus and St Mary Salomas with Zebedee [combined wings of a triptych]
Anonymous Master from the Cranach Workshop
Wallraf-Richartz-Museum - Fondation Corboud, Köln
30.10.2020 - 19:27
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_WRMK_WRM382
Persistent Linkhttps://lucascranach.org/DE_WRMK_WRM382
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
St Mary Cleophas with Alphaeus and St Mary Salomas with Zebedee [combined wings of a triptych][cda 2013]
Attribution:
Anonymous Master from the Cranach Workshop [Krischel 2003, 10]
Dating:
1522[former central panel dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerWallraf-Richartz-Museum - Fondation Corboud, Köln
RepositoryWallraf-Richartz-Museum - Fondation Corboud, Köln
LocationCologne
Dimensions:
Dimension of support: 35.5 x 37 cm Dimension of painted surface: 35.5 x 36.5 cm [Krischel 2003, 10]
Support:
Painting on oak wood [Krischel 2003, 10] [Cat. Cologne 1969, 43]
Signature / Date:
The panel consists of two wing panels from a tripych joined together; the central panel is dated '1522' and signed with a monogram, which has not yet been ascribed. [Krischel 2003, 9]
Description:
Mary of Cleopas und Mary of Salomas are depicted with their children in the foreground. The saxon electors Friedrich III. (left) and Johann I (right) stand behind a balustrade posing as Alpheus and Zebedee. [Görres, cda 2015]
Provenance:
- 1824/1825 already recorded in the Wallraf inventory

[Krischel 2003, 11]
Exhibitions:
- Marburg/Eisenach 1992, No. 503b
- Cologne 2003
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Krischel 20039-11
Schaefer, Saint-George 200329-31
Zehnder, Kier 1998103
Bambach-Horst 1994128-130
Cat. Cologne 196946
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.02.2014
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Anonymous Master from the Cranach Workshop - Wallraf-Richartz-Museum - Fondation Corboud, Köln - St Mary Cleophas with Alphaeus and St Mary Salomas with Zebedee [combined wings of a triptych] - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    - the panel is comprised of two inner wing panels; two arches are visible at the top right and left


    Tools/Materials:
    - fluid, black medium; brush

    Type/Ductus:
    - freehand detailed underdrawing
    - thin lines
    - occasional hatching-strokes

    Function:
    - relatively binding for the final painted version; the lines define the contours of the figures and indicate facial features and details; representation of volume with occasional hatching-strokes

    Deviations:
    - adjustments were made during the painting process; changes (e. g. the position and pose of the two infant apostles James the Younger and Simon Zelote in the foreground at the left; a bowl and a saw (both attributes of Simon Zelote) were indicated in the underdrawing; in the faces and hands of Friedrich III. and Johann I. ).

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - workshop of Lucas Cranach the Elder


    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich cda 2014]
      • Date: 2003
      • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
      • Support
      • - the panel consists of the inner side of two wing panels, which have been joined together
        - both wings were probably only slightly trimmed and joined together without the addition of a central strip (as had previously been assumed)
        - the panels each consist of a single oak wood plank
        - the surface is completely covered with a textile application
      • Ground and Imprimatura
      • - a number of ground layers, probably a glue/chalk mixture
        - relatively thick and completely covering the textile application on the wooden support
        - it would appear that in part arched, curved (relief) applications were attached along the edges of the panels closest to the central panel, as well as the upper edges; these were removed when the panels were joined together and replaced with ground and paint layers
      • Underdrawing
      • - underdrawing throughout and in part incised lines
        - the composition was fixed with thin lines, probably with a brush a water-based ink
        - in areas later gilded incised lines are visible along underdawing
        - the position and pose of the young apostles James the Younger and Simon Zelote at the left in the foreground were changed in the painted version, furthermore a bowl and saw (the attributes of Simon Zelote) were included in the underdrawing, but were not executed in paint
        - more deviations are visible in the faces and hands of the portraits of Friedrich III. and Johann I.
      • Paint Layers and Gilding
      • - gilding in the area of the women's robes

        [Schaefer, Saint-George 2003, 29-31]
        • examined by: Iris Schaefer
        • examined by: Caroline von Saint-George