Cranach - The Virgin and Child with a Bunch of Grapes
The Virgin and Child with a Bunch of Grapes
Lucas Cranach the Elder (and workshop)
Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, Budapest
30.10.2020 - 21:04
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberHU_SMB_140
Persistent Linkhttps://lucascranach.org/HU_SMB_140
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
The Virgin and Child with a Bunch of Grapes[Cat. Budapest 2003, 33]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder (and workshop)[Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, revised 2011]
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder 'Werkstatt' [Cat. Budapest 1897, 83, No. 140] 'Werkstattbild' [Cat. Budapest 1888, 19, No. 140]
Follower of Lucas Cranach the Elder'Schulbild' [Cat. Budapest 1906, 329, No. 710 (140)] 'Schulbild. Das nicht eigenhändige aber alte Monogramm zeigt die Schlange mit liegenden Flügeln.' [Frimmel 1892, 251] 'in der Manier von Cranach' [Cat. Budapest 1881, 23, No. 180]
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Dating:
after 1537 based on the type of winged serpent employed for the artist's insignia [Cat. Budapest 2003, 33]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerSzépmuvészeti Múzeum, Budapest
RepositorySzépmuvészeti Múzeum, Budapest
LocationBudapest
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 74.3 × 55.8 x 1.5 cm (the original panel) (top edge: wooden addition, width from left to right 3-5 cm) Dimensions including frame: 103.1 × 81.6 × 12 cm [Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, revised 2011] Historical Records: Dimensions of support: 77 × 56 cm [Cat. Budapest 1906, 329, No. 710 (140)] [Cat. Budapest 1897, 83, No. 140] Dimensions of support: 28" high 21" wide [Cat. Budapest 1870, V/16, 93]
Support:
Painting on lime wood (Tilia sp.) [Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, revised 2011]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia at the left: winged serpent with dropped wings, facing right
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Reverse of the panel: - top, centre: in black paint '275.' - centre: in black paint: large 'F' - bottom, centre: two labels: 'ORSZ. KÉPTÁR./A leltár száma/140' and '247.Szám./N.mus.átalános képtár/protocollumában.' (Inventory Numbers from the National Gallery and the National Museum); modern label from the Szépmuvészeti Múzeum Reverse of the frame (not before the painting was transferred to the National Gallery): Inventory number from the National Museum (115) Inventory number from the National Gallery (57) [Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, revised 2011]
Description:
The Virgin supports the Child who stands on her lap with her right arm. He picks at a bunch of grapes, which she holds in her left hand. [Miklós Gálos, Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, Budapest 2011]
Provenance:
- Court Collection (Hofsammlungen), Vienna
- 1848 acquired by the Hungarian National Museum (Pest, Budapest) from the court chamber commitee in Ofen (Buda, Budapest)
- 1875 Országos Képtár (National Gallery), Budapest (acquired as No. 74)
- 1906 Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, Budapest

[Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, revised 2011]
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Brussels 2010146; 144, 14775pp. 146, 160
Garas 2001395
Cat. Budapest 1967167
Cat. Budapest 1906329No. 710 (140)
Takács 1906171
Cat. Budapest 189783No. 140
Frimmel 1892251
Cat. Budapest 188819No. 140
Cat. Budapest 188123No. 180
Cat. Budapest 18764No. 19
Cat. Budapest 187093No. V/16
Cat. Budapest 18685No. 34
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.06.2014
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared Reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder (and workshop) - Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, Budapest - The Virgin and Child with a Bunch of Grapes - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - fluid, black medium and brush; the initial design may have been fixed employing a dry drawing material, dark chalk?

    Type/Ductus:
    - freehand underdrawing (barely visible)
    - delicate, fine lines (chalk); broader lines (brush)

    Function:
    - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the facial features; no representation of volume

    Deviations:
    - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - not possible

    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2014]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    • Date: 01.06.2014
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • UV-light photography
    • Lucas Cranach the Elder (and workshop) - Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, Budapest - The Virgin and Child with a Bunch of Grapes - UV Images
      • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
      • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
      • Date: 06.05.2011
      • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
      • Lucas Cranach the Elder (and workshop) - Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, Budapest - The Virgin and Child with a Bunch of Grapes - Reverse
      • Support
      • - panel warped, 3 planks, vertical grain
        - widths of the planks from right to left: 8.2 cm (top) 9.3 cm (bottom), 28.6 cm (top) 27.4 cm (bottom), 19.3 cm (top) 18.8 cm (bottom)
        - the edges on the reverse of the panel exhibit a bevel 1 cm in width, which is lacking at the top (panel slightly cut)
        - 3 knotholes
        - horizontal plane traces
      • Ground and Imprimatura
      • - a barbe is visible along the bottom and right edges
        • written by: Miklós Gálos
        Condition Reports:
        • Date: 1897
        • A fir wood (?) addition with the grain running horizontally was added to the top of the panel: width from left to right 3-5 cm. It has caused splits in the original panel. It was attached before 1897. [Cat. Budapest 1897]