Cranach - Portrait of Margrave Albrecht of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Portrait of Margrave Albrecht of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Private Collection
16.05.2021 - 23:12
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CDA ID / Inventory NumberPRIVATE_NONE-P101
Persistent Link
FR (1978) No.FR026
Portrait of Margrave Albrecht of Brandenburg-Ansbach[Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 2003, No. 3]
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 2003, No. 3]
about 1511 - 1512[Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 2003, No. 3]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerPrivate Collection
RepositoryPrivate Collection
Dimensions of support: 38 x 26 cm [Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 2003, No. 3]
Painting on wood [Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 2003, No. 3]
Signature / Date:
The large face with the solid nose and broad mouth is dominated by the cross-eyed look. Cranach sits the beret at an angle, shows the slender body and knots the hands together with their unfortunate rings. A certain amount of stability is obtained in the composition by the horizontal positioning of the lower arm. The sitter appears slightly skittish. The protruding hair does not quite go with the thinning beard. The head and neck appear to be veritably engulfed by the convoluted bands of the hat. [Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 2003, No. 3]
- Munich, in the collection of Dr. Schubart (auctioned on 23. Oct. 1899, No. 21)
- Frankfurt, von Mumm Collection
- Frankfurt, M. von Grunelius Collection (Frankfurt exhibition 1925)
- Berlin, Ch. Burlet Collection
- private collection, Riehen, Switzerland
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 26]
Dresden 1899, No. 123
Frankfurt 1925, No. 42
Basel 1974, No. 600
- Hamburg 2003, No. 3
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 200325, 167, 1703Pl. 3
Friedländer, Rosenberg 197926
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974672, 685-686No. 600Fig. 326c
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932024
Swarzenski 192649
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 192542
Flechsig 1900 A102, 283123
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1899123
Frimmel 1894 A218
Hofstede de Groot 18942-3
Wyzewa 1891
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
That the sitter is Margrave Albrecht – which had to date not been recognized – could be established from the signet ring, the gown of his order and the correlation of the facial features (in particular the squint) with those of the portrait in Heilsbronn (copy after Hans Krell – illustrated in the Zeitschrift für Kunstwissenschaft I, 1932, p. 20). As Albrecht, who was the third born son of Margrave Friedrich the Elder of Ansbach, was appointed Grand Master of the Teutonic Order on the 13. February 1511 the painting cannot have been created before this date. However, the style, which is fresh, and the youth of the sitter argue against a much later date of completion. Cranach portrayed him again in 1528 – as is established below (No. 260) – after Albrecht had already cast-off the gown when in 1525 the order-state was converted to a secular ducy and became Duke of Prussia. – that a long standing relationship between Cranach and the margrave existed is revealed in Albrecht’s letters that were published by A. Hagen in the Jahrbüchern für Kunstwissenschaft VI (1873) p. 118ff. Cranach’s relationship to the Ansbach branch of the Hohenzoller house is further confirmed by a series of portraits of Albrecht’s brothers: Margrave Johann (Fig. 120), Margrave Kasimir of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (Fig. 129) and Georg the Pious (Fig. 263.
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932, No. 24]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 1974
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • X-radiography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Private Collection - Portrait of Margrave Albrecht of Brandenburg-Ansbach - X-Radiographs
      History of Restoration:
      • Date: 1932
      • During cleaning - shortly before 1932 - pilgrims badges among others were removed from the robe and hat. Furthermore it was established that the panel had been extended at a later date. These later additions were removed. [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 26]