Cranach - Virgin and Child behind a Sill, before a Hanging held by Two Angels
Virgin and Child behind a Sill, before a Hanging held by Two Angels
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Private Collection
23.01.2021 - 02:05
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberPRIVATE_NONE-P103
Persistent Linkhttps://lucascranach.org/PRIVATE_NONE-P103
FR (1978) No.FR160
Title:
Virgin and Child behind a Sill, before a Hanging held by Two Angels[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 160]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 103, No. 160]
Dating:
after 1517[Dendrochronological examination Peter Klein, 1995]
about 1525[Sandner 1998 B, 89] [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 103, No. 160]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerPrivate Collection
RepositoryPrivate Collection
Location
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 56.5 x 39.9-40.2 x 0.4 cm Dimensions including frame: 92.5 x 76 x 12.5 cm Heydenreich, unpublished examination report 1995]
Support:
Painting on beech wood [Report Peter Klein 1995]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia at the lower left: winged serpent (with elevated wings), in brown paint
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
on reverse, with pen: - '1586'? - 'LR 61' - label: 'Roselius Haus Bremen' - 'No. 16'
Description:
The infant Christ stands on a balustrade at the bottom edge of the painting and is held in both hands by the Virgin. In the background there is an expansive landscape that is almost completely hidden by a large curtain held by two angels.
Provenance:
- in the collection of Freiherr von Mecklenburg
- 03.06.1919 auctioned, No. 72
- Roseliushaus, Bremen
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 103, No. 160]
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 1998140-141No. 16.1Figs. 16.1, 16.1a
Sandner 1998 B89
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979160
Posse 194259
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932137
Winkler, Plambeck 193023
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 09.03.1995
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
  • Support
  • Identification of wood species: beech wood
    Youngest annual ring: 1515
    [Klein Report, 09.03.1995]
    • examined by: Peter Klein
    • Date: 1995
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared photography
    • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Private Collection - Virgin and Child behind a Sill, before a Hanging held by Two Angels - Infrared Images
    • Underdrawing
    • DESCRIPTIOM
      Tools/Material:
      - fluid, black medium, brush

      Type/Ductus:
      - freehand underdrawing
      - thin to thicker lines, often very short, arch-shaped strokes; the finger and toe nails are represented
      -occasional hatching-strokes (the Virgin's sleeves)
      Function:
      - relatively binding for the final painted version; the lines delineate the main contours, desribe essential details within forms and define the facial features; very occasional representation of volume with hatching-strokes

      Deviations:
      - minor adjeustments were made to forms during the painting process; small changes

      INTERPRETATION

      Attribution:
      Lucas Cranach the Elder
      [Sandner, Smith-Contini, Heydenreich, cda 2016]
      • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
      • Date:
      • Technical Examination
      • Stereomicroscopy
      • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Private Collection - Virgin and Child behind a Sill, before a Hanging held by Two Angels - ReverseLucas Cranach the Elder - Private Collection - Virgin and Child behind a Sill, before a Hanging held by Two Angels - Overall
      • Support
      • - the support consists of two beech wood planks, 31.9 and 24.6 cm in width
        - horizontally aligned and butt-joined
        - the panel has been thinned and cradled
      • Ground and Imprimatura
      • - white ground with a barb on all four sides
      • Framing
      • - old renaissance plate frame
        [Heydenreich, unpublished examination report 1995]
          Condition Reports:
          • Date: 1995
          • - good condition, the support is stable with some local woodworm damage - the glazes on the flesh paint in the areas of shadow are slightly thinned - along the join in the upper section of the Virgin's robe and Christ's flesh paint some overpaint - the green glazes have become brown and have been thinned - drying cracks in the red robe - a fine network of cracks (particularly in the flesh paint) is overlayed by a more coarse network in areas exhibiting a higher medium ratio (red and green)
          • examined by: Gunnar Heydenreich
          History of Restoration:
          • Date: 05. 1985
          • thinned and cradled
          • conservation treatment by: Renate Kant