Roundel portrait of Martin Luther

Roundel portrait of Martin Luther

Titles

Roundel portrait of Martin Luther

[KKL 2022]

Portrait of Martin Luther

[CDA 2010]

Painting on beech wood (Fagus sp.)

Medium

Painting on beech wood (Fagus sp.)

[Öffentliche Kunstsammlung Basel, revised 2011]

See German text version

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Öffentliche Kunstsammlung Basel, revised 2011] [KKL 2022]

Production date
1525

Production date

1525

[pendant dated; KKL 2022]

Dimensions
Dimensions including frame: 13.5 (diameter) x 1.7 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions including frame: 13.5 (diameter) x 1.7 cm

  • Dimensions of painted surface: 9.9 cm (diameter)

  • [Heydenreich, cda 2010]

Signature / Dating
[Artist'as insignia on pendant]

Signature / Dating

  • [Artist'as insignia on pendant]

Owner
Öffentliche Kunstsammlung Basel
Repository
Öffentliche Kunstsammlung Basel
Location
Basel
CDA ID
CH_KMB_177
FR (1978) Nr.
FR187-188
KKL-No
III.M1a, Part of portait group III
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/CH_KMB_177/

Provenance

  • According to H. Koegler [Jahresbericht der Öffentl. Kunstsammlung 1919, 37] both round paintings (177) were in Basel during Holbein's time there, as Holbein used the portrait of Luther as a prototype for his woodcut
    [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932]
  • Bequest from Prof. Johann Rudolf Thurneysen-Faesch 1762
    [Öffentliche Kunstsammlung Basel, revised 2011]

Exhibitions

Basel 1974, No. 177
Düsseldorf 2017, No. 108

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017 201 No. 108
Author / EditorGunnar Heydenreich, Daniel Görres, Beat Wismer
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere. Meister - Marke - Moderne. [anlässlich der Ausstellung "Cranach. Meister - Marke - Moderne", Stiftung Museum Kunstpalast, Düsseldorf, 08. April 2017 - 30. Juli 2017]
Place of PublicationMünchen
Year of Publication2017
Görres 2017 B 46 108
Author / EditorDaniel Görres
TitleDer Mönch und der Maler - Luther und Cranach als Vermittler eines neuen Glaubens
Publicationin Gunnar Heydenreich, Daniel Görres, Beat Wismer, eds., Lucas Cranach der Ältere. Meister - Marke - Moderne. [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017]
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2017
Pages44-51
Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994 352
Author / EditorClaus Grimm, Johannes Erichsen, Evamaria Brockhoff
TitleLucas Cranach. Ein Maler-Unternehmer aus Franken [Festung Rosenberg, Kronach 17.05 - 21.08.1994; Museum der Bildenden Künste, Leipzig 07.09 - 06.11.1994]
SeriesVeröffentlichungen zur bayerischen Geschichte und Kultur
Volume26
Place of PublicationAugsburg, Coburg
Year of Publication1994
Schade, Schuttwolf 1994 50
Author / EditorWerner Schade, Allmuth Schuttwolf
TitleMalerei und Plastik
Publicationin Allmuth Schuttwolf, ed., Gotteswort und Menschenbild. Werke von Cranach und seinen Zeitgenossen, Exhib. Cat. Gotha
Place of PublicationGotha
Year of Publication1994
Pages15-94
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 108 No. 187 Fig. 187
Author / EditorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg, G. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974/1976 161, 276, 278, 295 177 Pl. 9
Author / EditorDieter Koepplin, Tilman Falk
TitleLukas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBasel, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1974
Link http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-diglit-104522
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 159
Author / EditorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Koegler 1921 35-47
Author / EditorHans Koegler
TitleHans Holbeins d. J. Holzschnitt-Bildnisse von Erasmus und Luther
JournalJahresbericht der Öffentlichen Kunstsammlung Basel, Kunstmuseum, Museum für Gegenwartskunst
Place of PublicationBasel
IssueJ. 1920
Year of Publication1921
Flechsig 1900 A 257ff.
Author / EditorEduard Flechsig
TitleCranachstudien
Volume1
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1900
Link page/n5/mode/2up
  • Roundel portrait of Martin Luther, 1525

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall
  • overall
  • reverse
  • reverse
  • irr
  • x_radiograph
  • uv_light
  • detail
  • detail
  • detail
  • detail
  • detail

Technical studies

08. 2011Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • X-radiography
  • x_radiograph
  • created by Kunstmuseum Basel

2011Technical Examination

  • detail
  • detail

Framing

- original double frame (capsule portrait); framed together with 177a

- the frame is attached to a circular wooden panel (glued? see x-radiograph)

- a piece of wood 2.5 cm in length was inserted into the bottom left quarter of the frame, (the same was done with 177a) and possibly replaced a lock, which was originally there?

- split at the top and side

- both the exterior and the interior of the frame exhibit a red bole ground; the exterior is painted black

- gilding: re-gilded, losses retouched employing gold paint

[Öffentliche Kunstsammlung Basel, revised 2011]

03. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • UV-light photography
  • uv_light
  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich

03. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

- an underdrawing is not readily visible

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

Date1992

  • written by Peter Berkes

Conservation History

Date1906

1906 restored by Fred Bentz:

Treatment: cleaned and enriched with Copaivabalsam

[Öffentliche Kunstsammlung Basel, revised 2011]

  • conservation treatment by Fred Bentz

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Roundel portrait of Martin Luther', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/CH_KMB_177/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Roundel portrait of Martin Luther', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/CH_KMB_177/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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