Portrait of Martin Luther

Portrait of Martin Luther

Title

Portrait of Martin Luther

[CDA 2011]

Painting on beech wood

Medium

Painting on beech wood

[Klein, Report 2013]

Beech wood (apparently)

[Historisches Museum der Stadt Regensburg, revised 2011]

Martin Luther is depicted wearing a black academic gown against a blue background. The pendant portrays his pupil Philipp Melanchthon. Compared with older versions produced by Cranach this version of Luther exhibits modified details like the tilted beret and the double curl above the ear, which comply with the portraits

Martin Luther is depicted wearing a black academic gown against a blue background. The pendant portrays his pupil Philipp Melanchthon. Compared with older versions produced by Cranach this version of Luther exhibits modified details like the tilted beret and the double curl above the ear, which comply with the portraits of 1532 and 1533. These were produced in large quantities and were for the most part small in format.

[Karin Geiger, Historisches Museum der Stadt Regensburg, 2011]

Attributions
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attributions

Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Karin Geiger, Historisches Museum der Stadt Regensburg, 2011]

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Martin Schawe, Alte Pinakothek Munich, 01.04.2011]
[Germann-Bauer, Exhib. Cat. Regensburg 1992, 249]

Production date
1532

Production date

1532

[pendant dated]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 19 x 15 x 0.3 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 19 x 15 x 0.3 cm

  • [Historisches Museum der Stadt Regensburg, revised 2011]

Signature / Dating
None
Inscriptions and Labels
- on the blue background; in black paint: 'IN SILENTIO ET SPE ERIT FORTITVDO VESTRA.' Reverse of the panel: - top …

Inscriptions and Labels

Inscriptions, Badges:

  • - on the blue background; in black paint:
  • 'IN SILENTIO ET SPE ERIT FORTITVDO VESTRA.'

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Reverse of the panel: - top centre:
  • label with handwritten number in brown ink: '2434-b'
  • - bottom, centre:
  • printed label: 'Königl. Bay[...]Staats-Gemälde-S[...], Neues Inventar Nr. [...] 1855' handwritten in black ink: '713.'
  • printed label: 'Bayerische-Staats-Gemälde-Sammlungen Inv.-Nr.' and stamp handwritten: '713: neu: 1135a, L. Cranach d.Ä. Martin Luther'
  • [Historisches Museum der Stadt Regensburg, revised 2011]
Owner
Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen
Repository
Historisches Museum der Stadt Regensburg
Location
Regensburg
CDA ID
DE_BStGS-HMR_713A
FR (1978) Nr.
FR314-315B
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_BStGS-HMR_713A/

Provenance

Loan from the Bayerischen Staatsgemäldesammlungen

  • donated to the Neupfarrkirche in Regensburg in 1706 by von Steininger, councillor and director of the Almry.
  • in 1810 given as a gift to the King by the city council together with the portrait of Melanchthon

[Germann-Bauer, Exhib. Cat. Regensburg 1992, 249]

Exhibitions

Regensburg 1992, No. 28

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011 60, 132 Nos. 6, 713A Figs. p. 62-63
AuthorMartin Schawe
EditorBayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen
TitleCranach in Bayern
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2011
Schuchardt 2004
AuthorGünter Schuchardt
TitleLuther seitenrichtig - Luther seitenverkehrt? Die Bildnisse im Leben und im Tod - Werkstattprinzip und Werkstattprivileg Cranachs und seiner Mitarbeiter
Volume2003
JournalWartburg-Jahrbuch
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2004
Pages9-30
Exhib. Cat. Regensburg 1992 249 No. 28
AuthorMartin Angerer
Title450 Jahre evangelische Kirche in Regensburg: 1542-1992
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication1992
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 131 No. 314B
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
  • Portrait of Martin Luther, 1532

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall
  • overall
  • reverse
  • irr

Technical studies

24.11.2013Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology

Support

Identification of wood species: beech wood

Youngest annual ring: 1529

  • analysed by Peter Klein

2011Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • Stereomicroscopy
  • reverse

Support

- Hardwood, beech wood (rays)

- max. 3mm thick

- the edges have been retained on all four sides

Reverse:

- slightly beveled

- brownish black coating on the reverse (rebate held in reserve)

Ground and Imprimatura

- thin, light, almost white chalk ground, very smooth and fine

- applied to the panel so that it just overlaps the edges

- at the centre of each side and on the corners there are circular imprints (brackets)

Incised lines:

- deep incised lines run c. 5-7 mm parallel to the edge of the panel and serve to delineate the format

Underdrawing

- the following types were observed:

a) black pounced dots in the face (lips)

b) soft, black pen employed to execute 4 parallel guidelines at the top edge across the entire width of the panel.

Within these lines there is a two line inscription; similar lines link the pounced dots in the lips, eyes and fingers

c) black lines applied with a brush for the contours, visible on the beret, the left shoulder, the bridge of the nose and the nostrils

d) soft, grey pen employed for the shadows to create a soft transition on the back of the hand and the sleeve

Pentimenti:

Hands (fingers) and shoulder

Paint Layers and Gilding

- mixed media.

- the sequence of paint application commenced with an initial monochrome pink layer for the face, a

mid brown tone for the hair and a blue, stippled application in the background. Then followed the grey base tone

for the academic gown and beret, the shadows, the contours and modulating glazes on the lips and the hair etc.

The blue and grey base tones overlap the incised demarcation lines.

- along the top edge a 2 line inscription in the uppercase

  • „ In silentio // et spe erit

fortitudo // vestra.“

Varnish:

- thin, slightly yellowed. Present also on the ground, under the frame rebate where it has yellowed considerably

Framing

- new (BStGS)

[Annette Kurella, Historisches Museum der Stadt Regensburg, revised 2011]

  • written by Annette Kurella

2011Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- dry drawing material, dark chalk

Type/Ductus:

- thin lines; in the face traced lines

Function:

- roughly binding for the final painted version; lines describe contours and indicate the main features within the forms; no representation of volume

Deviations:

- alterations were made during the painting process to clearly define form

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- not possible

Comments:

- possibly with reference to a preparatory drawing or transferred from a pre-existing design (traced)

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Portrait of Martin Luther', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_BStGS-HMR_713A/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Portrait of Martin Luther', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_BStGS-HMR_713A/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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