Portrait of Joachim I. Nestor, Elector of Brandenburg

Portrait of Joachim I. Nestor, Elector of Brandenburg

Title

Portrait of Joachim I. Nestor, Elector of Brandenburg

[CDA 2011]

Painting on beech wood (Fagus sp.)

Medium

Painting on beech wood (Fagus sp.)

[Klein, Report 2013]
[Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2011]
[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 133, No. 8514]

The elector is depicted as a half-length figure against a blue background and is turned slightly to the right. He wears a sumptuous robe and a hat with a feather. He has numerous rings on his fingers and holds a chain in his hands.

Attributions
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attributions

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2011]

Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 135, No. 330A]

Production date
1529

Production date

1529

[dated]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 63.7 x 42.2 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 63.7 x 42.2 cm

  • [Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2011]

  • [Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 133, No. 8514]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia: winged serpent with dropped wings and dated '1529'

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia: winged serpent with dropped wings and dated '1529'

  • [Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, reversed 2011]

  • [Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 133, No. 8514]

Owner
Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen
Repository
Staatsgalerie im Schloss Johannisburg, Aschaffenburg
Location
Aschaffenburg
CDA ID
DE_BStGS_8514
FR (1978) Nr.
FR330A
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_BStGS_8514/

Provenance

  • 1908 inherited from the chancellery library in Bayreuth
    [Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2011]
    [Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 133, No. 8514]
  • about 1930 in Munich, Alte Pinakothek
    [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 135, No. 330A]

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011 41-44, 133 No. 8514 Fig. 18
AuthorMartin Schawe
EditorBayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen
TitleCranach in Bayern
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2011
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009 A 17, 91, 164, 165
EditorStiftung Preussische Schlösser und Gärten Berlin-Brandenburg
TitleCranach und die Kunst der Renaissance unter den Hohenzollern. Kirche, Hof und Stadtkultur
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication2009
Ermischer 2007 14 Fig. 3
AuthorGerhard Ermischer
TitleCranach im Exil - Porträt einer bewegten Epoche
Publicationin Gerhard Ermischer, Andreas Tacke, eds., Cranach im Exil. Aschaffenburg um 1540. Zuflucht, Schatzkammer, Residenz, Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2007
Pages13-53
Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007 287-288 No. 28 Fig. p. 288
EditorGerhard Ermischer, Andreas Tacke
TitleCranach im Exil. Aschaffenburg um 1540. Zuflucht - Schatzkammer - Residenz. Ausstellungskatalog Schloss Johannisburg und Kunsthalle Jesuitenkirche
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2007
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 135 No. 330A
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
  • Portrait of Joachim I. Nestor, Elector of Brandenburg, 1529

Images

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  • analysis
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Technical studies

24.11.2013Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
  • analysis

Support

- 3 planks

- most recent annual ring: 1527, the earliest possible date that the painting could have been created (allowing for 2 years seasoning) is 1529

- examined on the 17.06.2010

[Martin Schawe, Alte Pinakothek München, 01.04.2011]

  • analysed by Peter Klein

06. 2012Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- fluid, black medium and brush

Type/Ductus:

- probably thin traced lines, barely visible

Function:

- binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; no representation of volume

Deviations:

- minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- not possible

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2013]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

02. 1964Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Micro-sampling / cross-sections
  • analysis
  • analysis
  • analysis
  • analysis

Cross-section examination:

Sample Nos. 1a and 1b

Sample location: t/r 57.0/1.5 cm

Brief description of paint: blue background

Description of 1b:

A: white ground

B: isolating layer with a strong fluorescence containing black pigment particles (charcoal?)

C: blue layer: admixture of blue pigment particles (azurite) and white

D: thin, fluorescing glaze or possibly varnish

E: thin, dark layer with no fluorescence; could be a layer of dirt

F: dark brown layer, fluorescing strongly with large lead white aggregates

Description of 1a:

A: dark brown layer, fluorescing strongly with large lead white aggregates (the same as F for 1b)

B: dark brown layer, fluorescence, containing large lead white aggregates

(A and B are only visible as discrete layers in UV light)

C: blue layer with glassy splinters of smalt embedded in lead white

D: varnish layer, fluorescing

Comments:

It was not possible to extract a sample containing all layers because the overpaint separated from the underlying original paint when the sample was taken.

At later stage a layer of brown paint was applied over the original the background that contains azurite [1] and then overpainted with smalt [2]

[1] Confirmed by the layer of dirt; however a more precise dating is not possible

[2] Smalt was in common use in the 16th and particularly 17th century, by the 18th century it was rarely used.

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Portrait of Joachim I. Nestor, Elector of Brandenburg', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_BStGS_8514/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Portrait of Joachim I. Nestor, Elector of Brandenburg', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_BStGS_8514/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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