Adam

Adam

Title

Adam

[Heydenreich 2007 A, 318-321] [Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32, Fig. 5]

Painting on wood, most likely lime wood

Medium

Painting on wood, most likely lime wood

[Heydenreich, cda 2011]

The panel depicts Adam as a full-length, standing nude figure. His head of brown curls is inclined to the right and his gaze is directed in this direction. In his right hand he holds one end of a branch and in his left hand he holds the leaves and an

The panel depicts Adam as a full-length, standing nude figure. His head of brown curls is inclined to the right and his gaze is directed in this direction. In his right hand he holds one end of a branch and in his left hand he holds the leaves and an apple at the other end. The background is dark, but Adam stands on stony ground. Part of a tree trunk is visible along the right edge of the painting and is completed on the pendant panel - Eve.

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Heydenreich 2007 A, 318-321]
[Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, No. 116]
[Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32, Fig. 5]

Production date
about 1508 - 1510

Production date

about 1508 - 1510

[Heydenreich 2007 A, 318-321]
[Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, No. 116]
[Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32, Fig. 5]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support:

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support:

  • 139 x 53.9 cm

  • [Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, No. 116]

  • [Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32, Fig. 5]

Signature / Dating
None
Owner
Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon
Repository
Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie Besançon
Location
Besançon
CDA ID
F_MBAAB_896-1-54a
FR (1978) Nr.
FR-none
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/F_MBAAB_896-1-54a/

Provenance

  • 1607 in the inventory of the gallery of the Granvelle palace in Besancon
    [Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32]

Exhibitions

Frankfurt a. M. 2007, No. 116
Düsseldorf 2017, No. 55

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Cat. Coburg 2018 32 under no. 1
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
TitleCranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Bonnet 2017 40, 41 55
AuthorAnne-Marie Bonnet
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere als Primus inter Pares - Competitio et aemulatio in der deutschen Aktmalerei
Publicationin Gunnar Heydenreich, Daniel Görres, Beat Wismer, eds., Lucas Cranach der Ältere. Meister - Marke - Moderne. [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017]
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2017
Pages38-43
Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017 142 No. 55
EditorGunnar Heydenreich, Daniel Görres, Beat Wismer
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere. Meister - Marke - Moderne. [anlässlich der Ausstellung "Cranach. Meister - Marke - Moderne", Stiftung Museum Kunstpalast, Düsseldorf, 08. April 2017 - 30. Juli 2017]
Place of PublicationMünchen
Year of Publication2017
Exhib. Cat. Florence 2017 90 under no. 14
EditorFrancesca de Luca, Giovanni Maria Fara
Title I volti della Riforma. Lutero e Cranach nelle collezioni medicee [Uffizi, Florence]
Place of PublicationFlorence, Milan
Year of Publication2017
Heydenreich 2017 A 77
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
TitleCranach? Fragen der Zuschreibung im Lichte kunsttechnologischer Untersuchungen
Publicationin Gunnar Heydenreich, Daniel Görres, Beat Wismer, eds., Lucas Cranach der Ältere. Meister - Marke - Moderne. [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017]
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2017
Pages72-81
Bonnet, Görres 2015 39-41 10 p. 41
AuthorAnne-Marie Bonnet, Daniel Görres
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä. - Maler der Deutschen Renaissance
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2015
Bonnet, Kopp-Schmidt, Görres 2010 152-153 10
AuthorAnne-Marie Bonnet, Gabriele Kopp-Schmidt, Daniel Görres
TitleDie Malerei der deutschen Renaissance
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2010
Heydenreich 2010 A 66
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
TitleReisende Bilder im Wandel
Publicationin Guido Messling, ed., Die Welt des Lucas Cranach. Ein Künstler im Zeitalter von Dürer, Tizian und Metsys, Exhib. Cat. Brussels
Place of PublicationBrussels
Year of Publication2010
Pages66-79
Hinz 2010 B 44 36
AuthorBerthold Hinz
TitleAktmalerei bei Cranach. Ein neuer Geschäftszweig
Publicationin Guido Messling, ed., Die Welt des Lucas Cranach. Ein Künstler im Zeitalter von Dürer, Tizian und Metsys, Exhib. Cat. Brussels
Place of PublicationBrussels
Year of Publication2010
Pages42-53
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007 360-361 116 p. 361
EditorBodo Brinkmann
TitleCranach der Ältere, [Frankfurt, Städel Museum, 23 Nov 2007 - 17 Feb 2008]
Place of PublicationOstfildern
Year of Publication2007
Exhib. Cat. London 2007 18-32 Fig. 5
EditorCaroline Campbell
TitleTemptation in Eden. Lucas Cranach's Adam and Eve , [London, Courtauld Institute Gallery]
Place of PublicationLondon
Year of Publication2007
Heydenreich 2007 C
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
TitleAdam and Eve in the Making
Publicationin Caroline Campbell, ed., Temptation in Eden. Lucas Cranach's Adam and Eve, London, The Courtauld Institute of Art
Place of PublicationLondon
Year of Publication2007
Pages18 - 33
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974/1976 No. 565
AuthorDieter Koepplin, Tilman Falk
TitleLukas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBasel, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1974
Link http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-diglit-104522

Description/ Interpretation/ Comments

In the Basel exhibition catalogue from 1974 this pendant pair is still classified as a copy after Cranach.

[Koepplin, Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974, No. 565]

Based on technical and stylistic features Gunnar Heydenreich attributes both panels to Lucas Cranach the Elder and considers them as Cranachs earliest known depiction of the Fall of Man.

[Heydenreich 2007 A, 318-321] [G. Heydenreich, Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32]

In the mean time G. Heydenreich has proved with an extensive technical examination that both panels can without doubt be classified as works by Cranach

[G. Dette, Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, No. 116]

The specifications with respect to the wood species, date and signature in the Frankfurt exhibition catalogue do not refer to the pendant pair from Besanҫon.

[Herrschaft, CDA 2011]

  • Adam, about 1508 - 1510

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Technical studies

02. 2008Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
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Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- fluid, black medium and brush

Type/Ductus:

- freehand underdrawing

- thin to relatively broad lines

Function:

- only partially binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; no representation of volume

Deviations:

- alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form; smaller and larger changes (e.g. face)

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich

2007Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography

Support

'Some joins partly covered with fibres'

Ground and Imprimatura

'lead white based imprimatura, which was applied with a wide brush'

Underdrawing

'made with a pointed brush and a black pigment in a liquid medium, evident in the infrared reflectogram'

[Exhib. Cat. London 2007, 18-32]

Conservation History

Date2016 - 2017

  • 2016/17 conservation treatments

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Adam', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/F_MBAAB_896-1-54a/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Adam', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/F_MBAAB_896-1-54a/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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