Martin Luther, study with beret and cloak, facing right

Martin Luther, study with beret and cloak, facing right

Titles

Martin Luther, study with beret and cloak, facing right

[KKL 2022]

Portrait of Martin Luther

[Ausst.-Kat.. Düsseldorf 2017, 272, Nr. 170]

See German text version

See German text version

Attributions
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder (?)

Attributions

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Ausst.-Kat. Düsseldorf 2017, p. 272, No. 170] [Schade 1974, p. 101] [KKL 2022]

Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder (?)

[Koepplin/Falk 1974, p. 282, fig.156]

Production dates
about 1530
about 1532

Production dates

about 1530

[KKL 2022]

about 1532

[Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 272, No. 170] [Schade 1974, 49]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 22 x 19 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 22 x 19 cm

  • [Ausst.-Kat.. Düsseldorf 2017, 272, No. 170]

Signature / Dating
None
Owner
The Duke of Buccleuch
Repository
Drumlandig Castle, Thornhill
Location
Thornhill
CDA ID
UK_DCT_DCT001
FR (1978) Nr.
FR-none
KKL-No
V.Z1, Part of portait group V
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/UK_DCT_DCT001/

Provenance

See German text version

Exhibitions

Düsseldorf 2017, No. 170
Potsdam 2018, No. 1

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017 272 No. 170
Author / EditorGunnar Heydenreich, Daniel Görres, Beat Wismer
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere. Meister - Marke - Moderne. [anlässlich der Ausstellung "Cranach. Meister - Marke - Moderne", Stiftung Museum Kunstpalast, Düsseldorf, 08. April 2017 - 30. Juli 2017]
Place of PublicationMünchen
Year of Publication2017
Görres 2017 B 46 170
Author / EditorDaniel Görres
TitleDer Mönch und der Maler - Luther und Cranach als Vermittler eines neuen Glaubens
Publicationin Gunnar Heydenreich, Daniel Görres, Beat Wismer, eds., Lucas Cranach der Ältere. Meister - Marke - Moderne. [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017]
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2017
Pages44-51

Description/ Interpretation/ Comments

This portrait shows Martin Luther in close-up against a neutral background and its very elaborate execution, namely body colour on parchment, is of high quality. The reformer has a fixed gaze and his gently raised head is turned to the right. He wears a scholar's beret over the slightly wavy hair that covers his ears and the characteristic flap is fitted tightly to the back of his head. The dark shadows along the contours of the face and a subtle application of white on the chin, the cheeks, the tip and bridge of the nose and the forehead create the necessary volume and impart a lively, realistic effect. However for a portrait session the sitter is not well-shaven and appears slightly sweaty. The viewer is left with the impression of a bold, almost reckless character, which is quite appropriate for a reformer.

Although Cranach’s Luther images were reproduced on a large scale the iconography can be narrowed down to a few basic types. This rarely published sheet represents a portrait type of the scholarly church founder that was developed in 1532 (see FR314). In the painted version Luther’s feared gaze was inversed and the impetuous appearance of the Reformer was tamed to show the benevolent father figure, ever concerned about the wellbeing and woes of his followers. This portrait on parchment is probably the prototype that was created in front of the live model.

[Christof Metzger, Ausst.-Kat. Düsseldorf 2017, 272, No. 170]

  • Martin Luther, study with beret and cloak, facing right, about 1530

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Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Martin Luther, study with beret and cloak, facing right', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/UK_DCT_DCT001/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
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