Cranach - St Anthony the Hermit [verso: Christ as the Man of Sorrows]
St Anthony the Hermit [verso: Christ as the Man of Sorrows]
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Diecézní galerie a muzeum, Litomerice (Museum and Gallery of the Dioceses Litomerice)
21.08.2019 - 05:13
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberCZ_DGML_D-203
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/CZ_DGML_D-203
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
St Anthony the Hermit [verso: Christ as the Man of Sorrows][Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994, No. 152]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994, No. 152] [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, No. 9]
Lucas Cranach the Elder and Workshop[Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 1998, No. 14.6] ''Lucas Cranach the Elder (recto) and Workshop (verso)' [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 180, No. 84]
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Dating:
about 1520 - 1525[Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, no. 9] [Sandner 1998 B, 89] [Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994, No. 152]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerParish of the Litomerice Cathedral
RepositoryDiecézní galerie a muzeum, Litomerice (Museum and Gallery of the Dioceses Litomerice)
LocationLitomerice
Dimensions:
Dimension of painted surface: 147.2 x 94.5 cm [cda 2014] Dimension including frame: 188 x 135.2 cm [Diecézní galerie a muzeum, revised 2014]
Support:
Painting on wood [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, No. 9]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia bottom centre: winged serpent with elevated wings [cda 2014]
Description:
Recto: St Anthony is depicted as a half-length figure kneeling in front of a crucifix on a stone slab that defines the edge of the painting. He holds his hands in an attitude of prayer and looks at the crucified Christ. A set of bells and an illustrious plague cross are visible to the left of the stone base of the cross. In the upper third of the painting a group of demons appears in the sky to tempt Anthony. Behind the cross the viewer's eye is lead into an expansive landscape. At the left the composition is framed by a large tree. In the bottom right corner there is a small bishop's coat-of-arms, which was added later. Verso: Christ sits in the open sarcophagus positioned at the foot of the cross and shows the wounds in his hands. Two putti hold up a dark cloth behind him. [Görres, cda 2014]
Provenance:
- from the St Stephen's Cathedral, Litomerice
- end of 16th century acquired by the chapter of the cathedral, dean Zbynek Berka of Dubá (1587-1592)
- 1771 mentioned in inventory for the first time

[Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, No. 9]
Exhibitions:
Leitmeritz/Litomerice 1991
Kronach 1994, No. 152
Eisenach 1998, No. 14.6
Prague 2005, No. 9
Hamburg 2008
Düsseldorf 2017, No. 84
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017180No. 84
Exhib. Cat. Prague 200568-71 (English version 30, 31)9Pl. p. 69 (recto), Pl. p. 71 (verso)
Chamonikola 2005 B25 (English version 11)
Heiser 2002104
Sandner 1998 B89
Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 1998126No. 14.6Fig. 14.6
Vacková 1991249
Vlnas 1990237, 244
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974542
Cat. Prague 1962XVII58
Votocek 1961620, 622
Luksch 1920no pagination
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
The coat of arms of the Archbishop of Prague Zbynek Berka von Dubá is displayed at the bottom right. From 1587-1592 he was dean of the cathedral of St. Stephan (d. 1606).

[Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, No. 9]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.06.2014
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Diecézní galerie a muzeum, Litomerice (Museum and Gallery of the Dioceses Litomerice) - St Anthony the Hermit [verso: Christ as the Man of Sorrows] - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Diecézní galerie a muzeum, Litomerice (Museum and Gallery of the Dioceses Litomerice) - St Anthony the Hermit [verso: Christ as the Man of Sorrows] - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • St Anthony the Hermit [recto]

    DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - fluid, black medium and brushes of varying widths; the facial features were probably carried out employing a small pointed brush

    Type/Ductus:
    - detailed freehand underdrawing
    - thin to broader lines
    - hatching-strokes (in the hands)
    - lines drawn with a ruler

    Function:
    - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours, indicate essential details and describe facial features; hatching-strokes only in the hands; the cross is indicated with lines drawn with a ruler

    Deviations:
    - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form; small changes, particularly to the beasts in the sky

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - Lucas Cranach the Elder

    Comments:
    - bottom right beside the cross: illegible word, handwritten with a pencil ? (unclear whether it lies beneath the paint layers)

    Christ as the Man of Sorrows [verso]

    DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - fluid, black medium and brushes of varying widths (in part shows signs of beading)

    Type/Ductus:
    - relatively detailed and freehand underdrawing
    - thin to slightly broader lines

    Function:
    - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours, indicate essential details and describe facial features; hatching-strokes serve the representation of volume in the arm-pits

    Deviations:
    - alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - not possible

    Comments:
    - beading observed in many areas suggests that the underdrawing was executed over an oil-based layer


    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2014]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    History of Restoration:
    • Date: 1914
    • New frame [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, No. 9]