Cranach - The Beheading of St Catherine
The Beheading of St Catherine
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Archbishop's Castle and Gardens Kromeríz
18.02.2019 - 11:29
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberCZ_ESGK_KE2371
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/CZ_ESGK_KE2371
FR (1978) No.FR074
Title:
The Beheading of St Catherine[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 74]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 84-85, No. 74] [Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2008, 159, No. 21]
Lucas Cranach der Ältere and workshop[Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, no. 5]
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Dating:
about 1515[Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2008, 159, No. 21] [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, no. 5] [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 84-85, No. 74]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerArchdiocese of Olomouc
RepositoryArchbishop's Castle and Gardens Kromeríz
LocationKromeríz
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 84 x 58 cm [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 84-85, No. 74] [Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2008, 159, No. 21]
Support:
Painting on lime wood [Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2008, 159, No. 21] oak wood [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 84-85, No. 74]
Signature / Date:
none
Description:
St Catherine kneels in the centre of the foreground wearing a black dress with a gold brocade collar. The henchman stands behind her to the right and removes her long blond curls from the nape of her neck. A group of figures stands in the middle distance on the right and a further group with two men on horseback is positioned in the middle distance on the left. Another scene from the legend of St Catherine is illustrated in the background. It depicts the storm destroying the wheel on which the saint was to be martyred.
Provenance:
- made for Stanislaus Thurzo
[Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2008, 159, No. 21]
- possibly originally in the Cathedral of St Wenzel or in the collegial church of St Moritz in Olmütz
[Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2008, 159, No. 21]
Exhibitions:
Frankfurt 2008, No. 21
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Prague 201691, 92
Schade 200795
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007159-16121p. 161
Exhib. Cat. Prague 200554, 55 (English version 24, 25)5Pl. p. 55
Chamonikola 2005 B14 (English version 6)
Friedländer, Rosenberg 197984-85No. 74Fig. 74
Friedländer, Rosenberg 193266
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
The pendant to this painting depicts the beheading of St John the Baptist and is in the same collection (FR73).
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 84-85, No. 74]
Both panels may once have been the verso of wing panels belonging to a triptych.
[Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2008, 159, No. 20]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.02.2008
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Archbishop's Castle and Gardens Kromeríz - The Beheading of St Catherine - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Archbishop's Castle and Gardens Kromeríz - The Beheading of St Catherine - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Archbishop's Castle and Gardens Kromeríz - The Beheading of St Catherine - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Archbishop's Castle and Gardens Kromeríz - The Beheading of St Catherine - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Archbishop's Castle and Gardens Kromeríz - The Beheading of St Catherine - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Archbishop's Castle and Gardens Kromeríz - The Beheading of St Catherine - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Archbishop's Castle and Gardens Kromeríz - The Beheading of St Catherine - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - fluid, black medium and brush

    Type/Ductus:
    - freehand underdrawing
    - thin lines

    Function:
    - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features

    Deviations:
    - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - Lucas Cranach the Elder?

    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]