Cranach - Pietà
Pietà
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Moravská galerie v Brne (Moravian Gallery Brno)
23.11.2017 - 00:57
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberCZ_MGB_A690
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/CZ_MGB_A690
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
Pietà[Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, No. 2]
Attribution:
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, No. 2]
Lucas Cranach the Elder (and Workshop)[cda 2017]
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Dating:
about 1510 - 1515[Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, No. 2]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerMoravská galerie v Brne (Moravian Gallery Brno)
RepositoryMoravská galerie v Brne (Moravian Gallery Brno)
LocationBrno
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 63.3 x 40.6 cm [cda 2014]
Support:
Painting on lime wood [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, No. 2]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia bottom left: winged serpent (with elevated wings) [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, 22-23, No. 2]
Description:
The dead Christ is stretched out beneath a tree held by his mother. Her dark blue robe stands in stark contast with her son's pale flesh paint. Grief stricken the Virgin looks down at Christ. The crown of thorns is in front of him and in the middle-ground Golgotha is visible on the right, behind a landscape expands in the background. Both the saxonian shields hang from the branches of the tree, attached by threads. [Görres, cda 2014]
Provenance:
- 1830s - 1840s (?) probably in the collection of Ernst Hawlig, Brno
- 1840s (?) - 1940 property of the Benedictine Monastery, Rajhrad
[Moravská galerie v Brne revised 2014]
- 1940 purchased from the Benedictine Monastery in Rajhrad near Brno
[Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, No. 2]
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 47]
Exhibitions:
- Prague 2005, No. 2
- Frankfurt/London 2007/2008, No. 14
- Brno 2009/2010, No. 16
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Brno 2009100-10116
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007140-14114p. 141
Exhib. Cat. Prague 20052
Wittmann 20044
Slavícek 1998252-253
Kratinová, Pesina 196387-95
Kratinová, Pesina 1963
Cat. Prague 1962XVI
Schuchardt 1871185-18679
Wolny 1856411 (Bd. 1)
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.06.2014
  • Technical Examination
  • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Moravská galerie v Brne (Moravian Gallery Brno) - Pietà - Reverse
  • Support
  • - two planks vertically aligned
    - dimensions are original; barb visible along the top, left and right edges; trimmed slightly along the bottom
    - reverse: thinned, rebate on all four sides, cradled
    [cda 2014]
      • Date: 01.06.2014
      • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
      • Infrared Reflectography
      • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Moravská galerie v Brne (Moravian Gallery Brno) - Pietà - Infrared ImagesWorkshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Moravská galerie v Brne (Moravian Gallery Brno) - Pietà - Infrared Images
      • Underdrawing
      • DESCRIPTION

        Tools/Materials:
        - fluid, black medium and brush; the facial features and the hands were executed employing diluted medium and possibly with a pointed brush

        Type/Ductus:
        - freehand underdrawing
        - thin to broader lines

        Function:
        - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and facial features; no representation of volume

        Deviations:
        - alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

        INTERPRETATION

        Attribution:
        - Lucas Cranach the Elder (?)

        [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2014]
        • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
        • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
        History of Restoration:
        • Date: 1957
        • During the latest restoration in 1957 the painting was cradled, cleaned, retouched and varnished. The retouching is evident mostly along the join, on the left shoulder of Mary, in the abdomen of Christ, in the sky above the cross and to the left from the cross. [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, No. 2]