Cranach - Portrait of the Humanist Christoph Scheurl
Portrait of the Humanist Christoph Scheurl
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
23.11.2017 - 00:55
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_GNMN_Gm2332
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_GNMN_Gm2332
FR (1978) No.FR023
Title:
Portrait of the Humanist Christoph Scheurl[http://forschung.gnm.de/apps/dmsweb2/index.php?mode=detail&invnr=Gm2332]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [http://forschung.gnm.de/apps/dmsweb2/index.php?mode=detail&invnr=Gm2332]
Dating:
1509[dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerPrivate Collection
RepositoryGermanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
LocationNuremberg
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 48.5 x 40.5 cm Dimensions including frame: 57 x 49 cm [http://forschung.gnm.de/apps/dmsweb2/index.php?mode=detail&invnr=Gm2332]
Support:
Painting on lime wood (Tilia sp.) [http://forschung.gnm.de/apps/dmsweb2/index.php?mode=detail&invnr=Gm2332]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia: Monogramm L C with the winged serpent in between, dated below '1509''; yellow paint (varying admixtures) [http://forschung.gnm.de/apps/dmsweb2/index.php?mode=detail&invnr=Gm2332]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
- right: 'CHRISTOFERUS SCHEURLUS I V D / NATUS ANNOS / SU SCHEURLUS TIBI NOTUS E VIATOR / QUIS SCHEURLUS MAGIS EST AN / HIC AN ILLE' - left, the motto: 'FORTES FORTUNA FORMIDAT / A A A' [http://forschung.gnm.de/apps/dmsweb2/index.php?mode=detail&invnr=Gm2332]
Description:
A portrait of Dr. Christoph Scheurl (born in 1481), who was a jurist and professor at the University of Wittenberg (Rector from 1st May 1507). From 1512 he was active as the legal adviser to the Nuremberg Council. The 28 year old wears a greyish black damask robe over a richly decorated shirt. He also wears a brown fur as well as a 'Fuggerhaube'. The background is moss green, and there is a signature and inscription in yellow paint. [http://forschung.gnm.de/apps/dmsweb2/index.php?mode=detail&invnr=Gm2332]
Provenance:
- the collection of the Freiherren von Scheurl, Nuremberg

[http://forschung.gnm.de/apps/dmsweb2/index.php?mode=detail&invnr=Gm2332]
Exhibitions:
Dresden 1899, No. 4
Kronach, Leipzig 1994, 335, No. 156
Halle 2002, 151, No. II.1/6a
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Werner 20103123
Heydenreich 2007 A63, 76, 79, 200, 228, 394Figs. 11, 38, 39, 158, 159
Evans 200753
Exhib. Cat. Halle 2002151No. II. I/6a
Heydenreich 1998 A186, 188, 189Fig. 21.3
Friedländer, Rosenberg 197972No. 23Fig. 23
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974256-257, 264, 426No. 164Fig. 120
Friedländer, Rosenberg 193222
Flechsig 1900 BPlate 11
Flechsig 1900 A86
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1899No. 4
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.09.2010
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg - Portrait of the Humanist Christoph Scheurl - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • - an underdrawing is not visible

    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    • Date: 2010
    • Technical Examination
    • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg - Portrait of the Humanist Christoph Scheurl - Detail ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg - Portrait of the Humanist Christoph Scheurl - Overall
    • Framing
    • - original black frame with gilded chamfer and inner bevel

      [http://forschung.gnm.de/apps/dmsweb2/index.php?mode=detail&invnr=Gm2332]
        • Date:
        • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
        • X-radiography
        • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg - Portrait of the Humanist Christoph Scheurl - X-Radiographs
        • Paint Layers and Gilding
        • 'The X-radiographs of Johannes Cuspinian (1502/03), the Portrait of a Viennese Scholar (1503) , Christoph Scheurl (1509, fig. 159) and the Portrait of a Man with a Fur Hat (c.1510, fig. 14) demonstrate Cranach the Elder’s rapid and remarkably free technique. In the application of light flesh paint, brush strokes are clearly visible.[86] The faces were completed with a few glazes and highlights (fig. 156).'

          [Heydenreich 2007 A, 200]
          • written by: Gunnar Heydenreich