Cranach - Altarpiece of Hannover Kreuzkirche: St Alexander [left wing]
Altarpiece of Hannover Kreuzkirche: St Alexander [left wing]
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Ev.-Luth. Marktkirchgemeinde Hannover
02.07.2020 - 06:35
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CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_KH_NONE-KH001
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FR (1978) No.FR377E
Altarpiece of Hannover Kreuzkirche: St Alexander [left wing][cda 2012]
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932, under No. 302] 'The Crucifixion is closer to Cranach than the wing panels.' [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 377E]
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Stuttmann 1927/28, 343]
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about 1530 - 1539"1530er Jahre" [Cat. Hannover 1992, 63]
1515 - 1520[Stuttmann 1927/28, 343]
before 1536/37[van der Osten, Cat. Hannover 1954, No. 60]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerEv.-Luth. Marktkirchgemeinde Hannover
RepositoryEv.-Luth. Marktkirchgemeinde Hannover
Dimensions of painted surface: 149 x 41 cm Dimensions including frame: 162 x 54.2 cm [Heydenreich, cda 2012]
Painting on wood [cda, 2012] Oak wood [Cat. Hannover 1992, 59]
Signature / Date:
- the central panel is signed
The saint is depicted as a full-length figure wearing flamboyant armour. His beard is brown and hair of the same colour is visible beneath the broad red hat. His left hand rests on the hilt of the sword in his belt and in his right hand he holds a lance, which has a flag at the top. Dark grey clouds cover the sky behind the saint. In the top left corner an architectural frame is suggested. Shown are a spandrel and the soffit of an arch, which is decorated with ornaments and circular recesses. [Görres, cda 2012]
- from the former collegial church (Kollegiatsstiftskirche) St. Alexandri zu Einbeck
- transferred together with the central panel to the castle church (Schlosskirche) of the Leine palace (Schloss) by Duke Johann Friedrich of Braunschweig-Lüneburg-Hannover during the catholic Interregium of 1675
- stolen during the french-westfalian usurpation and later returned without the martyrdom scenes on the verso [1]
- since 1961 on the main altar of Kreuzkirche Hannover [2]

[1] [Cat. Hannover 1992, 59]
[2] [; 04.09.2012]
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Müller 200822
Cat. Hannover 199259-63
Nöldeke 1979291191, 195
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979146377E
Cat. Hannover 195448-4960
Friedländer, Rosenberg 193285302
Stuttmann 1927/1928341-344
Flechsig 1900 A98
Schuchardt 1871164-16660
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 2012
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Ev.-Luth. Marktkirchgemeinde Hannover - Altarpiece of Hannover Kreuzkirche: St Alexander [left wing] - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing

    - fluid, black medium, brush

    - detailed and freehand underdrawing
    - thin to broader lines

    - binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; no representation of volume

    - very few alterations were made during the painting process


    - Lucas Cranach the Elder

    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner