Cranach - Altarpiece of Hannover Kreuzkirche: The Crucifixion of Christ [central panel]
Altarpiece of Hannover Kreuzkirche: The Crucifixion of Christ [central panel]
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Ev.-Luth. Marktkirchgemeinde Hannover
22.11.2018 - 12:00
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_KH_NONE-KH002
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_KH_NONE-KH002
FR (1978) No.FR377E
Title:
Altarpiece of Hannover Kreuzkirche: The Crucifixion of Christ [central panel][cda 2012]
Attribution:
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932, under No. 302] [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932, under No. 302] 'The Crucifxion is closer to Cranach' style than the wing panels.' [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 377E]
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Stuttmann 1927/28, 343]
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Dating:
about 1530 - 1539"1530er Jahre" [Cat. Hannover 1992, 63]
1515 - 1520[Stuttmann 1927/28, 343]
before 1536/37[van der Osten, Cat. Hannover 1954, No. 60]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerEv.-Luth. Marktkirchgemeinde Hannover
RepositoryEv.-Luth. Marktkirchgemeinde Hannover
LocationHannover
Dimensions:
Dimensions of painted surface: 149 x 95 cm Dimensions including frame: 162 x 109 cm [Heydenreich, cda 2012]
Support:
Painting on wood [cda 2012] Oak wood [Cat. Hannover 1992, 59]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia on the shaft of christ's cross: winged serpent with elevated wings, facing left; in black paint [Görres, cda 2012]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
- on the cross: 'I.N.R.I.'
Description:
The panel depicts a scene on Calvary with many figures. Christ and the two thieves occupy an area covered by dark clouds in the upper third of the panel. The crosses of the thieves project diagonally into the pictorial space. A group with the three Marys and St John can be seen to the left of Christ and in front of them the henchmen gamble for the robe of the crucified. Mary Magdalene has collapsed at the base of the shaft and embracing it in her arms she looks upwards in grief. The right is dominated by a group of men on horseback and soldiers, among them the converted centurion, who looks up at Christ and points upwards like the oriental on a camel. The central third of the painting shows a forest of lances and pikes against the backdrop of a pastel coloured sky. [Görres, cda 2012]
Provenance:
- from the former collegial church (Kollegiatsstiftskirche) St. Alexandri zu Einbeck
- transferred together with the central panel to the castle church (Schlosskirche) of the Leine palace (Schloss) by Duke Johann Friedrich of Braunschweig-Lüneburg-Hannover during the catholic Interregium of 1675
- stolen during the french-westfalian usurpation and later returned without the martyrdom scenes on the verso [1]
- since 1961 on the main altar of the Kreuzkirche, Hannover [2]
[1] [Cat. Hannover 1992, 59]
[2] [http://www.kreuzkirche-hannover.de/geschichte/1180023217.html; 04.09.2012]
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Müller 200822
Cat. Hannover 199259-63
Nöldeke 1979291191, 195
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979146377E
Cat. Hannover 195448-4960
Friedländer, Rosenberg 193285302
Stuttmann 1927/1928341-344
Flechsig 1900 A98
Schuchardt 1871164-16660
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 2012
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Ev.-Luth. Marktkirchgemeinde Hannover - Altarpiece of Hannover Kreuzkirche: The Crucifixion of Christ [central panel] - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - fluid black medium, brush; a quill may have been employed for details

    Type/Ductus:
    - detailed and freehand underdrawing
    - fine and thin lines to broader lines
    - hatching-strokes

    Function:
    - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; some representation of volume (hatching-strokes)

    Deviations:
    - alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form; changes (e.g. Lances; camel)

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - Lucas Cranach the Elder

    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner