Cranach - Altarpiece of St Kunigunden church [left outer movable wing]: Christ and the 12 Apostles [recto], Scene from the legend of Kunigunde [verso]
Altarpiece of St Kunigunden church [left outer movable wing]: Christ and the 12 Apostles [recto], Scene from the legend of Kunigunde [verso]
Master of the Döbeln Altarpiece
St. Kunigundenkirche Rochlitz
25.08.2019 - 16:17
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_KKR_NONE-KKR002A
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_KKR_NONE-KKR002A
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
Altarpiece of St Kunigunden church [left outer movable wing]: Christ and the 12 Apostles [recto], Scene from the legend of Kunigunde [verso][cda 2016]
Attribution:
Master of the Döbeln Altarpiece [Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 1998, No. 23.6c][Sandner 1993, 101]
Dating:
1513[Corpus dated on reverse]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerEv.-Luth. Kirchgemeinde Rochlitz
RepositorySt. Kunigundenkirche Rochlitz
LocationRochlitz
Dimensions:
Dimensions including frame: c. 290 x 100 cm [Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Sachsen, revised 2016]
Support:
Painting on wood [cda 2016]
Signature / Date:
- the High Altarpiece is dated '1513' on the reverse of the carved 'Mercy Seat' group [Sandner 1993, 140]
Description:
The painting is part of a representation that extends over two wings and depicts Christ with the 12 apostles in an interior with a view of a landscape. Christ and Peter stand at the centre of the group of apostles, both gesticulating energetically. One suggestion is that the scene depicts Christ taking leave of the apostles and the proclamation of Christ's suffering. Another interpretation suggests the calling of Peter. [http://www.kirchspiel-rochlitzer-land.de/kirchspiel/default/index.php?cat=x_ro&subcat=gebaeude&page=kuni_ausstattung; accessed 30 Mar 2016] (Translation, cda 2016)
Provenance:
- probably commissioned by the town council of Rochlitz in 1506
- the completed altarpiece was installed in 1513
[Sandner 1993, 140]
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 199823723.6c1Fig. 23.6c1
Sandner 1993101, 140-143, 359Fig. p. 43, p. 141
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
In 1506 the town council of Rochlitz commissioned Philipp Koch's Freiberg based workshop with the High Altarpiece for the Kunigundenkirche. For the painterly execution of the wings the sculptor secured the cooperation of the best available artists. The exterior sides are decorated with scenes from the legend of Kunigunde by an unknown master. The first transition of the altar is of a good painterly quality by the workshops of the Master of the Döbelner Altarpiece and the workshop of the Master of the Oberbobritzsch Altarpiece which in terms of style and forms corresponds with that of the beginning of the Renaissance in Freiberg. Numerous artists working on the panels have brought together something of Cranach's world view, the Franconian culture of painting and forms common to Freiberg.
The interior reveals a central shrine by the workshop of Philipp Koch with a sculptural representation of the patron St Kunigunde and her husband Heinrich II flanked by the Virgin and Child with St Anne and the apostle Thomas. Scenes from the Passion of Christ are arranged either side of the shrine.
[see: Sandner 1993, 140-143] (Translation, cda 2016)
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.04.2012
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Master of the Döbeln Altarpiece - St. Kunigundenkirche Rochlitz - Altarpiece of St Kunigunden church [left outer movable wing]: Christ and the 12 Apostles [recto], Scene from the legend of Kunigunde [verso] - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Material:
    - the initial design may have been executed with a dark, dry drawing material, stylus or dark chalk; during a second stage lines were applied with a brush (with both very and less diluted medium)

    Type/Ductus:
    - relatively freehand and detailed underdrawing; in sections correcting the initial design
    - delicate, fine lines for the initial design; subsequently thin to somewhat broader lines with a brush
    Function:
    - binding for the final painted version; the lines delineate the main contours, define forms therein and describe facial features; no representation of volume with hatching strokes

    Deviations:
    - numerous small corrections were made to forms during the painting process


    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - Master of the Döbeln High Altarpiece (Valentin Elner?)

    [Sandner, Smith-Contini, Heydenreich, cda 2017]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner