Cranach - Martin Luther
Martin Luther
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg, Coburg
17.06.2019 - 02:52
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_KSVC_M417
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_KSVC_M417
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
Martin Luther[CDA 2010]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Cat. Coburg 2018, 172] [Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg, revised 2010]
Dating:
1528[dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerOberfrankenstiftung
RepositoryKunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg, Coburg
LocationCoburg
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 39.6 x 25 x 1.5 cm [Cat. Coburg 2018, 172]
Support:
Painting on beech wood [Cat. Coburg 2018, 172]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia left edge: winged serpent with elevated wings and dated '1528'; in yellow paint [cda 2010]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Original Inscriptions:
none
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Reverse: - adhesive label 'Sammlung Georg Schäfer Schweinfurt 59173784' [Cat. Coburg 2018, 172]
Description:
Half-length portrait of the Reformer in three-quarter profile facing right and wearing a black cloak and a black beret. [Görres, cda 2015]
Provenance:
- 1935 expertise by Max J. Friedländer
- before 1954 with Dr. Benno Griebert, Munich; then with the art dealer Alexander Gebhardt, Munich
- 1954 Georg Schäfer Collection (acquired from the art dealer Alexander Gebhardt, Munich), inv. no. 1737
- since 1984 on permanent loan to the Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
- 2003 Oberfrankenstiftung; remained on permanent loan to the Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
[Cat. Coburg 2018, 172]
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Cat. Coburg 2018172-174, 176, 17737Pl. p. 174
Weschenfelder 2018 A14
Schuchardt 2004
Exhib. Cat. Schweinfurt 1985No. 11Plate p. 74
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 2018
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Dendrochronology / identification of wood species
  • Support
  • - beech wood
    - single plank, not trimmed. Bevelled on all four sides to a thickness of 0.7 cm; the chamfer is up to 7 cm in width
    - marks on the reverse suggest that the panel was originally fitted in a grooved frame
    - Dendrochronology: the following annual rings were measured: 152 annual rings, 1522-1371. The plank is from the same tree as planks used for the following paintings:
    DE_smbGG_618; DE_BStGS_WAF169; F_MdLP_RF1767; F_MdLP_RF1184; FIN_FNG_AI316; DE_KSW_G6 (II); NL_KMMO_KM111-236 (I)
    The youngest annual ring is from 1522. Generally with beech wood the entire section is used and only the bark is removed, therefore a felling date of 1522 can be estimated. The wood was then seasoned for at least two years before it could be used (Klein 2016).
  • Ground and Imprimatura
  • - chalk ground
    [Cat. Coburg 2018, 172]
      Condition Reports:
      • Date: 2018
      • Support: - at the centre a few isolated incidents of woodworm damage (inactive) Varnish: - the painting has a glossy resin varnish, which was probably applied repeatedly with a brush. The strong fluorescence of this layer restricts the identification of retouches under UV light to a few relatively new ones. [Cat. Coburg 2018, 172]