Cranach - The Holy Trinity (Mercy Seat) [recto]; The Assumption of Two Deceased Souls [verso]
The Holy Trinity (Mercy Seat) [recto]; The Assumption of Two Deceased Souls [verso]
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Schlosskirche Chemnitz
24.04.2019 - 18:09
Choose objects with for comparison
Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_PSKC_NONE-PSKC002
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_PSKC_NONE-PSKC002
FR (1978) No.FRSup018C
Title:
The Holy Trinity (Mercy Seat) [recto]; The Assumption of Two Deceased Souls [verso][Böhlitz 2005, 19-22, 23]
Attribution:
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Böhlitz 2005, 19-22, 23]
Dating:
about 1515 - 1525[Böhlitz 2005, 19-22, 23]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerEv.-Luth. St.-Petri-Schlosskirchgemeinde Chemnitz
RepositorySchlosskirche Chemnitz
LocationChemnitz
Dimensions:
Dimensions of visible surface: 91.5 x 127.8 cm Dimensions including frame: 110.2 x 146.3 cm [cda 2015]
Support:
Painting on wood [cda 2015] Lime wood [Flechsig 1900 B, 24]
Signature / Date:
None [cda 2015]
Description:
Recto: The Mercy Seat is depicted on the horizontal format and is a sort of visualization of the Holy Trinity, which unites God the Father, Christ and the Holy Ghost represented by a dove in a compact pictorial formula. The Chemnitz Mercy Seat is a particularly haunting depiction whose suggestive power recalls the medieval pieta and clearly draws on iconographic stock from the Cranach workshop. Verso: The depiction of the three Marys among the saints is on the other hand much less conventional and not comparable with other Cranach works [...]. At the holy gathering angels evidently cousel the soul of the altar's donor. Neither the two female saints on the left nor the four apostles on the right can be clearly identified, although their characterised physiognomy suggest that specific saints are depicted here to represent the holy throng in the heavenly church. [Böhlitz 2005, 19-23] Comment: Böhlitz 2005, 19-23 in contrast with the arrangement proposed here, suggests that the Assumption of the Souls was depicted on the recto and the Mercy Seat on the verso. [cda 2015]
Exhibitions:
- Dresden 1899, No. 149
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Cat. Chemnitz 201420, 2914, 15
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005369under No. 27Fig. 169
Böhlitz 200519, 20, 21, 38Pl. 2, 3
Dehio 1998114
Erichsen 1994 A159, 162, 163Fig. A108a
Sandner 1993180
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979Sup18B
Röber 197565-6721, 22
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932368b
Flechsig 1900 A97-98
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
According to Böhlitz 2005, 38 a pendant to the depiction of 'The Assumption of Two souls into Heaven' exists that shows 'The Lost Souls in Hell'. However this panel is very damaged and has not yet been restored.
[Görres, cda 2015]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.03.2015
  • Technical Examination
  • Support
  • - the panel consists of vertically aligned planks and exhibits an applicationof tow, which makes a dating after 1515 plausible
  • Framing
  • - the original frame has not been preserved
    [Heydenreich, cda 2015]
    • examined by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • Date: 01.03.2015
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Schlosskirche Chemnitz - The Holy Trinity (Mercy Seat) [recto]; The Assumption of Two Deceased Souls [verso] - Infrared ImagesWorkshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Schlosskirche Chemnitz - The Holy Trinity (Mercy Seat) [recto]; The Assumption of Two Deceased Souls [verso] - Infrared Images
    • Underdrawing
    • The Holy Trinity [recto]

      BESCHREIBUNG

      Tools/Material:
      - fluid black medium, brush

      Type/Ductus:
      - relatively detailed freehand underdrawing
      - thin to broader lines

      Function:
      - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate the main contours and define essential details and facial features; isolated representation of volume with hatching-strokes

      Deviations:
      - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define forms; small changes


      The Reception of Two Desceased Souls [verso]

      BESCHREIBUNG

      Tools/Material:
      - fluid black medium, brush

      Type/Ductus:
      - relatively detailed freeehand underdrawing
      - thin to broader lines; occasional rough hatching-strokes

      Function:
      - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate the main contours and define essential details and facial features; occasional representation of volume with hatching-strokes

      Abweichungen:
      - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define forms; small changes


      INTERPRETATION

      Attribution:
      - an assistant to Lucas Cranach the Elder


      [Sandner, Smith-Contini, Heydenreich, cda 2015]
      • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
      • photographed by: Ingo Sandner