Cranach - Seventh commandment: You shall not rob or steal
Seventh commandment: You shall not rob or steal
Hans der Maler
Stadtmuseum Dresden
17.06.2019 - 02:44
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SGD_1968-38
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_SGD_1968-38
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
Seventh commandment: You shall not rob or steal[cda 2015]
Attribution:
Hans der Maler [Städtische Galerie Dresden, revised 2015]
Dating:
about 1528/29[Städtische Galerie Dresden, revised 2015]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStädtische Galerie Dresden
RepositoryStadtmuseum Dresden
LocationDresden
Dimensions:
Dimension of painted surface: 137 x 86.5 cm Dimension including frame: 145 x 95 cm [Städtische Galerie Dresden, revised 2015]
Support:
Painting on softwood [Städtische Galerie Dresden, revised 2015]
Signature / Date:
none
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
upper edge: naming the commandment
Description:
The execution of the panel depicting the seventh commandment differs from the others and therefore the attribution to Hans der Maler has been questioned. A wreath of roses indicates that the victims are devout Christians. [Städtische Galerie Dresden, revised 2015]
Provenance:
According to an invoice from 1528/29 that is now lost Hans Maler received 9 Schock and 17 groschens from the Kreuzkirche for the execution of panels depicting the ten commandments. Michel Uell was responsible for the preparation of the panels. (Neues Archiv für sächsische Geschichte IV, 1883, 105-109)
[Sandner 1993, 315]
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Kolb 2005 A115
Sandner, Ritschel 1994132Fig. A132
Sandner 1993315-316
Gurlitt 190016-2012
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
This artist, who without doubt trained in the Cranach family workshop, belongs to a generation of artists that no longer concentrated on the production of altarpieces, but was flexible and executed various tasks. He might be Hans (Johannes) Maler who until 1535 was responsible for designing the annual 'Johannisspiele' in Dresden. An earlier attempt to attribute the initials 'GB' on the coat of arms to Gregor Byners - a Cranach apprentice mentioned as active in Schneeberg - can no longer be verified as the records have been lost, but it would seem more plausible that the initials are those of Gregor Byner, the mayor in office at the time and a person who would have exercised considerable influence on the commission. The sixth panel shows the coat of arms of the last catholic priest Pleban Dr. Peter Eyssenberg (P D P E).
In 1530 Johann Moler of Dresden registered his son as 'Valten molers' (Valentin Elner?), an event witnessed by four Freiberg citizens. [1] Whether he was the creator of the ten commandment panels and his father the Cranach apprentice to whom we have already attributed paintings in Zwickau, Rochlitz, Döbeln and Grimma must remain a hypothetical. It is however conceivable that the son followed in his father's footsteps.
A certain stylistic similarity to the Dresden ten commandment panels can be recognized in two images originally from the Riesaer monastery church, but were lost during the Second World War. They depicted the scenes of Christ in the Temple and the Flight into Egypt and were the recto and verso of a panel that had been split.[2]
[1] from Thieme/Becker
[2]Hentschel 1973, No. 343
[Sandner 1993, 315-316]
The painter Johann or Hans from Dresden represented the world of renaissance bourgoise life in the 'Ten commandments' cycle he painted for the Kreuzkirche in 1528/29. The former apprentice to Lucas Cranach the Elder combined a depiction of the fundamental maxim of jewish and christian religion with the representation of contemporary landscapes, streets, interiors and daily scenes. When reformation beliefs were introduced to the dukedom of Saxony in 1539 the paintings disappeared into the attic of the town hall. The most probable reason for this was that traces of the old faith were visible in some of the paintings.
[Städtische Galerie Dresden, revised 2015]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.03.2015
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Hans der Maler - Stadtmuseum Dresden - Seventh commandment: You shall not rob or steal - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION
    Tools/Material:
    - fluid, black medium; brush

    Type/Ductus:
    - freehand underdrawing
    - thin to slightly broader lines
    - isolated hatching-strokes
    Function:
    - relatively binding for the final painted version; the lines delineate the main contours and describe essential details and facial features; isolated representation of volume with hatching-strokes

    Deviations:
    - minor corrections were made to forms during the painting process; small changes e. g. the platform on which the bed is located is wider in the painted version

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - Hans der Maler (Hans the Painter)
    [Sandner, Smith-Contini, Heydenreich, cda 2016]
    • photographed by: Helen Smith
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner